What if boys had periods?

Period pain - information for girls

Chen CX, Barrett B, Kwekkeboom KL. Efficacy of Oral Ginger (Zingiber officinale) for Dysmenorrhea: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2016; 2016: 6295737.

Jo J, Lee SH. Heat therapy for primary dysmenorrhea: A systematic review and meta-analysis of its effects on pain relief and quality of life. Sci Rep 2018; 8 (1): 16252.

Latthe PM, Champaneria R. Dysmenorrhoea. BMJ Clin Evid 2014: pii: 0813.

Marjoribanks J, Ayeleke RO, Farquhar C, Proctor M. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for dysmenorrhoea. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2015; (7): CD001751.

Matthewman G, Lee A, Kaur JG, Daley AJ. Physical activity for primary dysmenorrhea: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. On J Obstet Gynecol 2018; 219 (3): 255.e251-255.e220.

Pattanittum P, Kunyanone N, Brown J, Sangkomkamhang US, Barnes J, Seyfoddin V et al. Dietary supplements for dysmenorrhea. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2016; (3): CD002124.

Smith CA, Armor M, Zhu X, Li X, Lu ZY, Song J. Acupuncture for dysmenorrhea. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2016; (4): CD007854.

Wong CL, Farquhar C, Roberts H, Proctor M. Oral contraceptive pill for primary dysmenorrhea. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2009; (4): CD002120.

IQWiG health information is intended to help understand the advantages and disadvantages of important treatment options and health care offers.

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Our information is based on the results of high quality studies. They are created by a team of authors from medicine, science and the editorial team and reviewed by experts outside of IQWiG. We describe in detail in our methods how we develop our texts and keep them up to date.