What is the future tense for fire

    (ett) hundraett
    (ett) hundratv
    [hundra'tv :] etc.
    tv hundra200
    tv hundraett etc.201
    tre hundra etc.300
    (ett) tusen ['tu: sen]1.000
    tv tusen etc.2.000
    en miljon [mil'jo: n]1.000.000
    en miljard [mil'ja:d]
    en biljon [bil'jo: n]
    en biljard [bil'ja:d]
    en triljon [tril'jo: n]
    en triljard [tril'jad]

    Note: When counting, the neuter form is always used - ett, tjogoett, hundraett etc. However, when the number refers to a noun that follows, it becomes -en used:

      en bil - ett window = a car - a window
      tjogoen bilar - tjugoen window = 21 cars - 21 windows
      r nittonhundraett = In 1901

    brinna (i) [* brina]burn
    en eld -ar [eld]a fire
    ta (i) [ta:]to take
    kosta (1) [* k sta]costs
    ett brev - [bre: v]a letter
    n gon (t), n gra [* n : g n]some / something
    en g ng -er [g G]once / several times
    t nka (2) [* t nka]think
    viktig [* viktig]important
    person [pe 'so: n]a person
    l sa (2) [* l : sa]read

  • The present tense participle is formed almost identically to the German grammar in Swedish, namely by adding the ending -end to the infinitive of a polysyllabic or -end to the initial of a monosyllabic verb.

      a burnof Fire - en brinnande eld
      a gothe Man - en g end man

  • Some (now) monosyllabic verbs have an irregular ending. This is because the original verb was polysyllabic.
    • bli - blivande (The original form of the verb was bliva and this is still permissible today.)
      hahavande (The original form of the verb was hava)
      ta - tagande (The original form of the verb was day)

  • A tense corresponding to English, which is formed from the present participle together with an auxiliary verb ("Present continuous tense" e.g. I am helping you or He is eating) is absent in the Swedish as well as in the German language.
    • I help you (at this moment) - Jag hj lper dig.
      He is eating a meal (at this moment) - Han ter mat.

The past participle is used in sentences such as The letter is written etc. In German and English the past participle and the verb form in the perfect are the same, in Swedish these forms are different - the supinum is used as the verb form for the formation of the perfect (and past perfect). The past participle is inflected according to the form of the following noun:

  • Group 1 verbs get a -d attached
    • Lska - lskad - Jag r lskad - Barnet r lskat. - Vi r lskade.

  • Verbs of group 2 whose stem ends in a stressed consonant also get a -d appended, for the rest it is a -t.
    • Ring | a - ringd
      K p | a - K pt - Sakerna r k pta.

  • Irregular polysyllabic verbs often get a -en appended to the supinal form. But for most of the verbs in this group, you just have to memorize the appropriate form.
      verbSupinumPast participle
      Skriva- Skrivit- Skriven - Brevet r skrivet
      comma- Come overit- Come overen
      Se - Sedd- Sedd - Vi r sedda

  • In German, the passive voice is often used with the auxiliary verb become + Participle paraphrased: The child is seen by the father in contrast to the active form of the same sentence The father sees the child. The Swedish language has a corresponding formation of the passive with the auxiliary verb bli (va) + Past participle, which is inflected like an adjective:

      The letter will be written by me - Brevet blir skrivet av mig
      The letter was written by me - Brevet blev skrivet av mig.
      The letter was written by me - Brevet har blivit skrivet av mig.

  • But there is a simpler method that has no equivalent in either German or English. By attaching a -s after the verb this is put into the passive voice:
    • The letter will be written by me - Brevet skrivs av mig.
      The letter was written by me - Brevet skrevs av mig.
      The letter was written by me - Brevet har skrivits av mig.

  • In German, the future is determined by the present tense in connection with a time or by the combination of the auxiliary verb become + Expressed infinitive. In addition to the use of the present tense with a time indication, there are two other forms in the Swedish language: (a) comma att + Infinitive and (b) ska + Infinitive. The transition between the two forms is fluid and difficult to express in German. However, form (b) usually expresses an intention, threat or promise.

      Jag commer att hj lpa dig n gon g ng - i will Help you (already) at some point.
      Vad ska vi g ra idag? - What become we do today?

  • An intention can also be through the combinations t nka + Infinitive and mna + Expressed infinitely. This corresponds to the German intend to doplan ... to do
    • Jag t nker / mnar hj lpa dig - i planned to, To help you.

    1 - To be loved is very important.
    2 - Whose book do we read most often?
    3 - This book will (be) written next summer.
    4 - What are you going to do next spring?

    1 - 1765
    2 - 1997
    3 - 1588
    4 - 1173
    5 - 1021

Click here for the answers

Back to the lesson overview or to the top of the page or go to lesson 7