What is a phlegmatic sanguine

Temperament: what type are you?

People are as different as their temperaments: some are calm and more than satisfied with monotonous work in a familiar atmosphere, others are constantly looking for new contacts and Challenges. But what about yourself: do you know your own temperament type? Or have you ever wanted to know why the boss or colleague behaves the way he does? Indeed there is four classic temperament types (Mixed forms too, of course) with their own characteristics. Find out which type you are ...

➠ Content: This is what awaits you

Temperament definition

For better demarcation: Our character determines how we act. It was formed in childhood, but can also develop and change over time. The temperament, on the other hand, is that Basis for the character of a person and influences their social interaction and behavior. In contrast to the character, it is one innate individual peculiaritythat cannot be changed.

The temperament is responsible for how a person feels certain Environmental stimuli responds. It has a great influence on behavior and, last but not least, on how a person is perceived - and whether they are liked and viewed by others as personable.

➠ Content: This is what awaits you

Temperament on the job

To say it right from the start: temperamental people can be good or bad employees. The guy alone doesn't say anything about it. It is the way of dealing with problems that makes the difference between each type: people with a particular one temperament easily solve a task that others have great difficulty with - and vice versa. That is why it is important that our job to suit our own temperament, if possible fits. And that's why HR managers and bosses should also recognize the temperament type of an employee or Applicants belongs: Does it really suit this special position and the requirements associated with it - or are there possibly difficulties later?

Everyone should be aware that each temperament type has its own specific Advantages and disadvantages Has. No one works better than the other, they just work differently.

These differences lie in the specific featuresthat characterize the individual temperaments. This includes:

  • The tempo cognitive processes (perception, analysis, decision, concentration)
  • The ductility and the steadfastness of psychic properties, their fluctuations and shifts
  • The pace of work and the pace of work
  • The intensity mental processes (emotions, willpower)
  • The focus psychological activity on a specific object (extraversion, intraversion)

Temperament test: which type are you?

Do you know one spirited people among their colleagues? Common question. Ultimately, everyone is a spirited type - but it expresses itself differently: Is your colleague rather quick-tempered or always in a good mood? Does he have a lot of social contacts or is he more of a loner? With the following characteristics you can determine the temperament type of a colleague, an employee, or the boss as well Better determine your own type

But before we introduce you to the four temperament types in detail, we would like to give you the chance to find out which type you are closest to using a small self-test. Read through the lists below and decide which is the most appropriate description for you.

  • Type 1

    • I find risks exciting and I am happy to take them.
    • I always assume that everything will turn out for the best.
    • I'm almost always in a good mood.
    • I have a large group of friends.
    • I would always like to experience something new
    • I find it difficult to concentrate for a long time.
    • I struggle with myself because I am not achieving the goals I have set for myself.
  • Type 2

    • If I have made up my mind, then I can do it.
    • I am able to get my point across.
    • I often get into clashes with other people and can also get loud.
    • I get upset when others make avoidable mistakes.
    • I am proud of my confidence.
    • I can convince others and also infect and get carried away with my motivation.
    • People around me say that I am an alpha animal.
  • Type 3

    • I find changes not only unnecessary, but downright terrible.
    • I proceed very carefully, do not want to rush anything and let decisions go through my head for a long time.
    • Sometimes I seem a little indifferent to outsiders.
    • I'm not lazy, but I don't think it's too bad if there is nothing to do.
    • I'm never really angry or upset.
    • In discussions, I hold back my own opinion and tend to mediate between others.
    • I am not a fan of quarrels, but am happy about harmony in my environment.
  • Type 4

    • What other people think of me is very important to me and I try to please everyone.
    • I don't like to approach strangers and I am very cautious in unfamiliar situations.
    • I usually take things personally.
    • I react very emotionally.
    • You could say that I am a nondescript.
    • I find it difficult to build trust.
    • I give everything for people I am close to.

Did you recognize yourself - or friends, family members or the boss - in our little self-test? Then you have already learned a little about yourself through self-reflection, but the question still remains, which temperament type you belong to.

The 4 temperament types

We will introduce you to the four types and show the advantages and disadvantages associated with them.

  1. The sanguine

    The sanguine is balanced, sociable, practical and steadfast. He has a fast reaction rate, with his activity and responsiveness in equilibrium. He is lively and enthusiastic about things that take his attention. He has pronounced facial expressions and a strong ability to express himself: He can therefore seem to make you out insignificant reason Laugh out loud or get enraged for a small reason.

    After all: you can easily see from his face what mood he is currently in, what relationship he has with a decision or with a colleague. He has a high Sensation threshold - accordingly, he reacts less to quiet noises or weak stimuli. Due to his high level of activity, he is energetic, enthusiastically accepts a new task and can work on it for a long time, without getting tired. He makes new contacts easily and quickly gets used to new challenges and environments.


    • The sanguine is sociable, happy, energetic and personable. He can be strong too Mood swings have, but he is usually in a good mood.
    • Affection, hostility, joy, or sadness arise in him fastbut don't last long.
    • He learns quickly and goes with you enthusiasm approach to new tasks. He quickly gets over his mishaps and unpleasant situations.
    • It easily adapts to other life situations. He maintains self-control in Stressful situations and times of crisis.
    • The sanguine is able to defend himself argumentatively and at the same time normalize the situation. He is steadfast in set goals and tasks - accordingly he is a good organizer.
    • disadvantage

    • As soon as he loses interest in a task, he drops themwithout finishing it.
    • He does not like monotonous work, everyday life without variety is for him unbearable.
    • He often overestimates himself and his skills.
    • He doesn't have any permanent Interests or inclinations.
    • He likes to meet quick, but also hasty decisions.
  2. The choleric

    The choleric is impulsive, strong, unbalanced and active. He is characterized above all by high sensitivity, quick reactions and strong activity. However, with the choleric it is Responsiveness more pronounced than the activity - he is accordingly quick-tempered and impatient.

    He is less expressive than the sanguine and at times seems sluggish. He is determined to pursue his tasks and interests, is steadfast, but has difficulty concentrating from one task to another.


    • The choleric is determined and determined. He likes to take the initiative and does it quickly.
    • He enthusiastically accepts new tasks, solves problems and overcomes difficulties. He is inventive in an argument or discussion.
    • He is forgiving or offended for a long time.
    • He is able to make quick decisions and act. And he always strives according to new knowledge.
    • In a critical situation he shows determination and apply pressure.
    • disadvantage

    • He is too hasty and impatient. He is stubborn and often moody. He can be aggressive or quick-tempered and cannot always control himself.
    • Sharp, jerky movements are typical for him. He can never sit for long, is often unbalanced and tends to be angry.
    • When dealing with people, he can be sharp and say directly what he thinks. With that he can Conflict situations provoke.
    • His ability to work increases quickly, but decreases again just as quickly. Sometimes he penetrates not to the cause of the problem in front, scratches the surface and distracts itself.
    • He tends to take risks and does not tolerate mistakes and Shortcomings with others.
  3. The phlegmatic

    The phlegmatic is a inert, strong, balanced and sedentary colleague. He has high activity, which outweighs his ability to react and is characterized by low sensitivity as well as emotionality. It is difficult to make him laugh or cry - if someone laughs around him, he is often unaffected.

    But he stays calm even when there are problems. His facial expressions are weak, he can hardly divert his attention or find his way in a new environment. This type of temperament is slow to acquire new skills and habits, but it remains energetic and eager to work. He is impatient, has little stamina and has little self-control.


    • He is characterized by calm, caution, prudence, stability and equilibrium - both in his job and in his private life.
    • He pays attention to consistency and thoroughness at work, and accordingly he always completes it. He is steadfast and stubborn in achieving a goal.
    • He is able to cope with a monotonous and permanently arduous task. He divides his powers and don't waste time.
    • He has a systematic approach to work highest priority. He loves order and care in all areas of life.
    • His relationships and interests are steadfast, he is mostly loyal. He is a reliable employeewho rarely loses his composure.
    • disadvantage

    • He is not impressed by praise or criticism.
    • He reacts weakly to external stimuli and can therefore only slowly adapt to new situations.
    • It is difficult to integrate into a new environment, with unknown people he only takes hesitant Contact on.
    • His life is from Stereotypes and mastered clichés.
  4. The melancholic

    The melancholic is weak, unbalanced and lazy to move. He is a person of high sensitivity and indolence, which often lead to a minor occasion causing him to cry. He is resentful and most receptive for criticism and rumors. His facial expressions and gestures are weak, his voice is quiet.

    He is often insecure, hesitant, too the smallest hurdle makes him give up. He has little energy or steadfastness and is quickly exhausted. A tendency to deflection and low attention spans are characteristic of this temperament type.


    • He is characterized by high sensitivity. He is extremely receptive to praise - but also to criticism.
    • He has high standards to himself and to his fellow human beings.
    • Under favorable conditions, he remains reserved and tactful. Be emotional state is profound, lasting and powerful.
    • He responds strongly to external influences.
    • In a familiar environment with known colleagues he feels good and works extremely productively.
    • disadvantage

    • He tends to be shy, vulnerable, indecisive and unsure of one's own strength.
    • He's mostly pessimistic and seldom laughs. He tires quickly and needs regular breaks.
    • He gets lost in one unknown environment and is reluctant to make contact with new acquaintances. His circle of friends remains accordingly manageable.
    • He tends to be lonely, too depressions and often withdraws or even isolates itself. Job inconvenience easily unbalances him.

Did you recognize yourself or your colleagues?

All temperament types as a free PDF download

You can of course also use the profiles above as an offline checklist: Just the four temperaments as PDF Download from the list below and tick the relevant characteristics of the person concerned. Where most of the markings lie is the dominant temperament type. There are of course also mixed types.

Control temperament: this is how it can work

It can be one for the entire team big challenge be working with a particularly temperamental, capricious employee. You never know exactly how he will react or when the next outburst of anger may be threatened if a colleague is prone to emotional explosions.

One thing is certain, however: The Whims of an employee, or worse, a supervisor negative impacts on the performance of a team.

  • Bad mood

    First and foremost, of course, the work atmosphere suffers if everyone comes to work with the thought that they might be the next victim of a tantrum. Satisfaction with one's own job can quickly drop to a minimum.

  • Worse quality

    But work performance also decreases. When you are in a bad mood, it is much harder to concentrate. The consequences are declining quality and lower productivity of employees. Also, each individual lacks the motivation to do their best.

  • Worse odds

    The corridor radio is a very distinctive means of communication in many companies. So the reputation of a department quickly gets around throughout the company. This makes it all the more difficult to make the leap into a higher position from precisely this department.

Sure you don't want to be the one in control loses his temper and thus contributes to the bad mood in the company. After all, in the worst case scenario, you risk your job if your supervisor sees no other choice.

Yet what can you do when you become a very short-tempered temperament lean and lose your temper quickly? Of course, meditation or exercise can help as a balance. But even in an acute stressful situation in which you are about to explode, it is not too late to prevent the outburst of anger. With these tips you will succeed in your Control temperament.

  • Before you react, stop.

    When the anger builds up and your temper takes control, it is easy to do or say something that you may later regret. Because in affect we don't think about our actions and their consequences. So before you indulge in your temper, force yourself to wait a moment.

    This moment can be enough to do that To cool down the mind again or think about the situation again. Ask yourself whether there might be a reason behind the behavior of the other person and why you are so upset about it.

  • Find an ally.

    Sometimes the temperament explodes in a moment, but often you will notice your mood slowly deteriorate before the emotions erupt. In this situation, it's important to have an ally in the office with whom you can talk about can. Tell about what annoyed you and how much it seething inside you.

    The other person should of course reassure you and not incite you further. After you have put the first frustration off your mind, you can feel calmer and more relaxed Source of your anger put.

  • Treat your colleagues with respect.

    You are an adult - your colleague is an adult. You are out of the age in which it was still okay to voice your opinion with a loud roar. Just like you one respectful interaction expect, your office neighbors are also entitled to it.So before you hit the ceiling the next time, ask yourself how this will affect outsiders.

    A well-trained employee in a business outfit who freaks out because of a paper jam in the copier or a typo? Certainly not the picturethat you want to present.

  • Understand the role of communication.

    You have been enraged by the behavior of a coworker, but do you really think an outburst of anger will make them rethink their behavior? Most people are little susceptible to roar. On the other hand, most people get along well with good arguments and friendly advice.

    So if you want a coworker to improve, don't get upset but explain what went wrong. This will be yours Lower stress levels and have a positive effect on the working atmosphere.

  • Describe your feelings from a first-person perspective.

    They have… or You have… - Sentences that begin like this always have the character of a reproach. Accordingly, your counterpart will automatically become a defending position ingestion and the conversation got stuck before it even started. Instead, speak from the first person perspective.

    What did not you like? What problem is bothering you? From this point of view you can Solutions arisewithout having to assert oneself with shouting or creating hardened fronts.

  • Realize the real causes of your emotions.

    Often times, you may feel like you are angry because a colleague made a mistake. But realistically, the causes often lie in another construction site. So ask yourself if the triviality in the office really was the trigger or if your anger might be the trigger Wrong hits.

    Once you have located the root cause, you should devote your energies to finding it Clean up trigger. Maybe you can even get your temper under control in the long term.

Control temperament: the FLOW method

To get used to the correct way of dealing with one's own temperament, the FLOW method. The goal of this method is to stop an outburst of anger before it can even happen. These are four steps necessary:

  • Focus. When you find that anger is building up inside you, make a conscious effort to focus on staying calm. Breathing exercises can also help.
  • Lists. Listen to your counterpart and put yourself in their shoes. Maybe you can understand his point of view.
  • Objectivity. Never take a coworker's behavior personally. Remain objective and keep making rational decisions despite anger.
  • Wait. It's okay to step back and relax in a conflict. Reconsider your response and the consequences.

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[Photo credit: Dean Drobot, STUDIO GRAND OUEST, Doreen Salcher at Shutterstock.com]

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December 7, 2020Author: Jochen Mai

Jochen Mai is the founder and editor-in-chief of the career bible. The author of several books lectures at the TH Köln and is a sought-after keynote speaker, coach and consultant.

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