Dalmatians bark a lot

Dalmatian Association Germany e.V.

The answer to the question: "Why a Dalmatian?“Is easy to answer at first. Why? Because its spot is something very special! Why? Because Dalmatians have an outstanding, open nature. Why? Because we just saw the movie 101 Dalmatians and we absolutely have to own a dog like Pongo and Perdita!

True, the Dalmatian has an extraordinary appearance, wonderful character and loves human company. So, if your impressions about this dog are based only on knowledge from a movie, this is not enough. There is still a lot you have to learn to understand this dog and make him an obedient family dog. You have to look at all of its "points" and weigh up whether a Dalmatian is the right dog for you. Every future dog owner must acquire sufficient knowledge and be willing to accept responsibility for a dog. This is an essential requirement when buying a dog. A television dog can never reflect a real life together in a family. In the film, all dogs are particularly intelligent, particularly well trained and lead the viewer to believe that a world can only exist in the film. In reality we are dealing with a living being whose way of life we ​​empathize with and which we have to take into account in our upbringing. This is often not as easy as it seems. However, this should not deter you as a potential Dalmatian owner. A Dalmatian is a really wonderful dog. A wonderful dog, yes, but not a dog for everyone. This information is intended to indicate the importance of properly assessing breed characteristics for the new owner. Read this book carefully. If you conclude that the Dalmatian is indeed the right breed for you, we hope you enjoy your new spotted friend.

The external appearance of the Dalmatian

Let's start with its most distinctive feature first. The Dalmatian is one of the most famous dog breeds in the world and that is of course due to its eye-catching stippling. From a purely external point of view, it's the dots that make the Dalmatian a Dalmatian. The spotting as a breed characteristic of the Dalmatian does not in itself say anything about the physical characteristics of the breed.

The Dalmatian is a medium-sized dog with an athletic build. In good condition he is a very conspicuous figure. This active breed of hounds was originally bred for work purposes, to protect carriages and for hunting. You should always keep this in mind. A dog like the Dalmatian makes great demands on its owner when it comes to activity. He is a strong, muscular, and lively dog. Therefore, in his attitude, there is no excuse for obesity either. Overfeeding and lack of exercise do not fit into the breed picture of a Dalmatian. If a Dalmatian had a choice, he would surely spend the whole day running and is able to run fast with great endurance. But it is not necessary that you become a marathon runner because of this. Even the repeated daily walks keep your dog fit and give him a healthy appearance.

The overall appearance of the Dalmatian should be balanced and well proportioned. It should be symmetrical in outline and free from rudeness. These are the essential requirements for meeting the basics of this breed.

The Dalmatian is a short-haired dog breed (although a few rare long-haired specimens are known as well). Its short, dense, hard, shiny coat, however, varies from dog to dog. The hair length also shows small differences. Its coat does not require extensive care. However, it should not be overlooked that some Dalmatians lose more hair than others when they change coat. The small white hair can be seen particularly well on black clothing and the black hair is clearly set in a white sofa. However, if you compare this to other breeds, you are only dealing with a general dog problem. Of course, if you compare it to the joy your pet brings you, it's just a minor matter. Nevertheless, this should be considered when buying a Dalmatian. Proper nutrition and care (e.g. with a pimple glove) will help you keep your Dalmatian's coat looking firm and healthy.

With this exuberant dog you will also meet its exuberant tail. You will be amazed how quickly a Dalmatian can unintentionally clear a low breakfast table with its happily wagging tail. So take the time to take precautionary measures to keep valuable items out of reach.


Exuberance, energy and affection ... these are all terms that apply to the Dalmatian. This is a breed with a great zest for life. The dog literally enjoys any kind of activity. He is intelligent, extremely capable of learning, sometimes a bit stubborn and you can teach him almost anything. He proves his skills with great enthusiasm. It is very important to include him in the daily routine of the entire family. Of course, every Dalmatian welcomes a little bit of energy to let off steam in his own garden, but it is still important to bring him into contact with other dogs. Playing games with conspecifics promote his socialization. The Dalmatian also loves to spend a lot of time with his owner. He is always ready for a little game, loves walks and is a constant companion next to the bike or horse.

The close bond with its owner may surprise some, considering that the Dalmatian was originally bred as a working dog. But it is precisely these skills that have given him a touch of independence. One should not underestimate his tendency to be independent. An unsupervised dog likes to explore its surroundings. So it is imperative to educate him consistently. While the Dalmatian is on the one hand very anxious to assert his own head, on the other hand he is very people-oriented and feels very committed to his master.

If we remind ourselves that in his time as a coach companion he had to carry out his job as a guard independently, and this without constant instruction from his master, he has nevertheless developed into a dog that strives to follow its owner everywhere . If you see the connection between affection for humans and the intelligence of this breed, you will find the ideal companion dog in the Dalmatian. It seems as if it understands the mood of its owner and adjusts accordingly. He will be happy to follow you into the garden to have fun and play. Once you are depressed, he just wants to be close to you.

The dalmatian is often misconceived by portraying it as a nervous and difficult-to-control dog. Generally speaking, this could be said of any dog. Every uneducated and underutilized dog behaves like a boor. So it's up to you how you want your dog to present itself. Never forget that one of the basic characteristics of the Dalmatian is its inexhaustible energy! You should therefore start your training very early.

The Dalmatian is not suitable for kennel keeping. Just as he needs his daily exercise, he wants to be integrated into his family and participate in domestic life. As a sociable family dog, he gets along very well with children. But they should also learn how to handle the dog correctly. Regardless of the breed, children and dogs should never be left unattended to play with each other.

It is often believed that Dalmatians tend to be aggressive towards other dogs. This, too, results from his former role as protector of horses and carriages. If a stray dog ​​approached, it was the duty of the Dalmatian to fend off it. Therefore, every puppy should already be imprinted on other animals at the breeder. If you then continue to socialize the growing puppy well, he will get along well with other dogs. The Dalmatian’s natural protective instinct can be a valuable quality because you can count on them in an emergency. With his excited barking he signals you when something is wrong.

Are you the right owner for a Dalmatian?

A Dalmatian owner needs to have enough time and patience for this breed.
It is not a dog that can be left to its own devices. A dalmatian develops his wonderful personality when his behavior is guided in the right direction through the right upbringing. If he is not brought up consistently, however, he can develop into a very strenuous housemate.

The new owner should be as sporty and active as possible and spend a lot of time in the great outdoors. The Dalmatian loves to be included in the daily rhythm of its owner. A Dalmatian is a family dog ​​and belongs in the house. He should have enough exercise and, if possible, be allowed to use a securely fenced garden as an open space. He almost loves free play because he can burn off such a large portion of energy. Never leave it unattended! There are Dalmatians who are kept in apartments. The owner's responsibility should be big enough to offer him enough variety and exercise. Dalmatians are dogs that are comfortable in a wide variety of environments. In the warm climate they enjoy hiking, climbing or walking on the beach and in colder regions they also have fun romping around in the snow. Regardless of where the Dalmatian is kept, there needs to be a balance between being outdoors and spending time with his family indoors.


The breed standard of the Dalmatian

A description of appearance and character is specified for each dog breed in the respective breed standard. For all European countries, with the exception of England, the breed standard established in accordance with the provisions of the FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale) in the country of origin of the breed applies. The English standard (The Kennel Club of Great Britain) as well as the American standard (American Kennel Club) deviate from the FCI standard only in minor points. In America, so-called "blue eyes" are also used for breeding. When comparing statistics, this may e.g. B. regarding deafness should not be disregarded.

The FCI is the international umbrella organization for recognized dogs. In England the British Kennel Club is responsible for this. Both organizations recognize each other. The standard is used as a tool: by breeders in evaluating their dogs and in breeding dogs that are as close to that standard as possible; by judges, when judging the dogs in the show ring and by the normal breed lover who wants to know whether his dog meets the standard. The optimal appearance of the respective breed representative is described very precisely. It should make it possible to breed a dog that comes as close as possible to this specification. Breed standards are very valuable in ensuring suitable breeding material. This is especially important for the preservation of the breed, as a breeding base must never become too small. Breed standards also serve to protect these qualities. They ensure that no breed-typical characteristics are lost in order to clearly distinguish the breed from others and not to lose sight of the original standard and the breeding determination of the breed.

The breed standard for the Dalmatian - FCI - standard

The description of the breed is specified in FCI standard No. 153 D. The country of origin for the Dalmatian is Dalmatia, Croatian Republic (Patronage FCI). The Dalmatian belongs to group 6 (hounds, bloodhounds and related breeds), section 3 (related breeds without working trial) and is used as a companion dog, family dog.