Which herbs grow best indoors
This is how culinary herbs thrive in the pot
They taste delicious and look good: Always having a selection of fresh herbs on hand is the dream of many amateur cooks. With the right care, they can also be raised on the windowsill.
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Fresh herbs are bursting with valuable nutrients and give dishes a great aroma. You don't necessarily need a garden or balcony to grow the fragrant plants at home. In order for kitchen herbs to thrive on the windowsill, however, there are a few special features to consider.
Repot immediately after purchase
Herbs that are sold in flower pots for home use are intended to be harvested and consumed in a short time. The pots do not contain enough nutrient-rich soil that the plants need to survive and grow over the long term.
That is why you should either put the plants in a larger container after buying them or spread them over several flower pots. A standard basil pot, for example, can be divided into at least four pots.
Most kitchen herbs are relatively frugal, they do not need frequent fertilization. But it is helpful to use loose, nutrient-rich soil right from the start so that the plants are well taken care of in the first phase of growth.
In order to keep the plants for a long time, you should also wait at least twelve weeks before the first harvest. This is how long the herbs need time to form enough leaves and shoots to continue growing after the harvest.
More light brings more aroma
Generally, kitchen herbs thrive better outdoors than indoors. If possible, you should therefore place them on the outer window sill.
"Even in a light-flooded apartment with many windows, the plants only get a fraction of the light intensity that they would be exposed to outside," says Munich gardener Stefan Linhardt.
The herbs develop lighter leaves and shoots inside, which are also less aromatic. In addition, according to Linhardt, the harder temperature changes between day and night that prevail outside are good for many plants.
According to the expert, perennial plants should be placed in a cool place over the winter: "The resting phase in winter is important, in the apartment the plant remains active and forms new shoots."
According to Linhardt, if you still want to turn part of your kitchen into a herb garden, you have the best chance of success indoors with tropical plants such as coriander.
If the plants do not get enough light indoors, special plant lamps can be used. These emit exactly the right light spectrum that the herbs need for photosynthesis.
Kitchen herbs need moisture
Some of the most common culinary herbs like basil, dill, and mint should be watered daily. However, how much you should water varies from plant to plant.
Some herbs that are more likely to be found in warm and dry regions - such as thyme or lavender - need less moisture.
In any case, excess water should be able to run off. Otherwise the roots will rot quickly in waterlogging. If it is particularly warm and dry, you can also spray the plants with water to prevent the leaves from drying out.
- Conversation with gardener Stefan Linhardt
- Chamber of Agriculture North Rhine-Westphalia: herbs from the windowsill
- City of Berlin: growing herbs for the kitchen on the windowsill
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