What does the first aid training consist of
We'll explain everything you need to know about the duration, costs and whether you need to refresh the course after a certain amount of time. We will also show you how a first aid course works and what you learn in a first aid course.
- What do you need a first aid course for?
- What do you learn in the first aid course?
- Components of the rescue chain
- Securing the scene of the accident
- Sending the emergency call
- Stable side position
- Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
- Removing the motorcycle helmet
- What do you have to bring to a first aid course?
- How long does a first aid course last?
- What does a first aid course cost?
- What happens if you fail the first aid course?
- Do you have to refresh the first aid course?
What do you need a first aid course for?
You need a first aid course for your driver's license and as a company first aider. In general, however, everyone should be familiar with immediate life-saving measures so that they can react quickly in an emergency.
The first aid course for the driver's license
Since January 1st, 2016 you have to have for all driving license classes same first aid course do. Before that there were differences. For classes AM, A1, A2, A, B, BE, L and T you only had to attend a kind of basic first aid course. For classes C, C1, CE, C1E, D, D1, DE or D1E you had to do a major first aid course.
That means: There are no longer any “small” or “large” courses. The current first aid courses for all driver license classes last 7.5 hours. Section 19 of the Driving License Ordinance states that nine teaching units of 45 minutes each must be attended. So you can do the first aid course in one day.
Do not worry: You don't have to repeat your first aid course because of the innovation. All passed courses are still valid.
What else you have to consider if you want to get your driver's license, we explain in detail in our guide.
The first aid course for company first aiders
There must be at least one trained first aid worker in every company. This also applies to companies with only two employees. Normally, the employer's liability insurance association pays the costs for this. But you should clarify that beforehand. Depending on how many employees are being trained, the first aid course can take place directly in the company. Find out more from the various providers.
There are special courses for company first aiders that take place during the week. But you can also register for the “normal” first aid courses on weekends.
You have to know that: The first aid course for company first aiders is no longer valid after two years. You need to brush up on the first aid measures and do advanced training.
What do you learn in the first aid course?
Theoretical and practical knowledge is imparted in a first aid course. Various contents on the subject of first aid should help you to react quickly and correctly in an emergency. The German Red Cross explains in detail about life-saving emergency measures and the correct behavior within the rescue chain. We have summarized the most important information so that you have an overview before the first aid course.
The components of a rescue chain
The individual components of a rescue chain are important in order to be able to help quickly in an emergency. The rescue chain refers to the various first aid stations from alerting the emergency doctor to the hospital. We will show you how a successful rescue chain can look step by step.
But the following applies: The order always depends on the emergency situation. In the event of a traffic accident, you should first secure the scene of the accident and rescue the victim from the danger zone. In the event of an accident in the household, you can call the emergency doctor straight away and start immediate life-saving measures.
1. Securing the accident site
The person who arrives first at the scene of the accident is the first link in the rescue chain. The first aider must secure the scene of the accident in order to draw the attention of other road users. He should immediately die Hazard warning lights turn on and that Warning triangle put up. In the next part, we will explain at what distance from the accident site you should set up the warning triangle.
2. Rescue from the danger area
People on the street or near a burning car must be moved to a safe location. Behind the guardrail, for example, accident victims are protected from traffic. The following always applies: Your own safety comes first!
3. Transmit the emergency call
Alert the emergency doctor (Europe-wide: telephone number 112) and provide all the necessary information (W-questions). We explain to you which information is important under the point "Making the emergency call". Some rescue control centers help the caller to cope with the emergency situation by telephone and give instructions for first aid measures.
4. First aid measures
Provide first aid (stable lateral position, cardiopulmonary resuscitation) and silent threatening bleeding. To do this, you should press aseptic, soft material from your first-aid kit as possible onto the wound and apply a pressure bandage. If you notice that accident victims are in shock (pale skin color, sweaty skin, tremors, unconsciousness) you should act immediately and take life-saving measures.
5. Ambulance service
The first aider should always wait until the rescue service is at the scene of the accident. The emergency doctor stabilizes the patient and ensures that he can be brought to a suitable hospital.
The last link in the chain of rescue is the hospital. There the accident victim receives medical care and treatment.
Securing the scene of the accident
If you are the first to arrive in a traffic accident, you need to secure the scene of the accident. Do not put yourself in danger! Switch on your vehicle's hazard warning lights immediately and leave the lights on in the dark. Here's what to do in the event of a traffic accident:
- Put on a reflective vest.
- It is best to walk towards the traffic at the very edge of the lane or behind the guardrail and set up the warning triangle on the edge of the lane.
- Ask other cars to drive slowly. To do this, you can stretch out one arm and move it up and down.
- Ask other road users for help and divide up the tasks among yourself.
When you set up the warning triangle, you can orientate yourself by the distance between the delineator posts (approx. 50 meters). Basically, you should adhere to these guidelines:
- In the town: Set up the warning triangle approx. 50 meters from the scene of the accident
- Country road: Set up the warning triangle approx. 100 meters from the scene of the accident
- Highway: Set up the warning triangle at least 150 meters from the scene of the accident
Transmitting the emergency call
In a first aid course, you will learn how to properly inform the emergency doctor. The Telephone number 112 works across Europe and is free. Before you go on vacation, you should write down the national emergency numbers. So you know immediately where to call in an emergency!
When making the emergency call, always pay attention to the W questions:
- Where did the accident happen?
- What has happened?
- How many People are hurt?
- Which Are the accident victims injured?
- Wait in response to inquiries from doctors!
If you arrive at the scene of an accident as a first aider and you don't have a mobile phone with you, you can register for free using the Emergency telephones Have them connected directly to the police or an ambulance control center. Such emergency telephones are set up in central public places, in parks and on busy streets. On the motorway there is one every 2 to 4 kilometers Emergency telephone. You can usually find the instruction manual on the outside of the flap. If you don't know where the nearest 911 is, watch out for the delineator posts. There is an arrow marking on it that shows the direction in which the next emergency call box is.
The stable side position
If the injured person is unconscious, you should immediately bring them into the stable side position. The airways can be kept free. Vomit or blood can drain and the victim will not choke on it. The Johanniter give important tips for a stable side position, which we explain to you step by step with the graphic.
1. Put the victim's inner arm up
Kneel down next to the injured person. Bring the victim's inner arm (the arm on your side) up. The arm is bent at the elbow, the palm should be facing up. The first picture of the graphic shows how to do it.
That means: when you are on the right side of the victim, put your right arm up. If you are on the left side, put your left arm up.
2. Bring the outer arm over the chest
You lead the other outer arm over the chest and place the surface of the hand of the injured person on his cheek. This is shown in the second picture of the graphic.
This means: You are on the right side of the victim and have put your right arm upwards, as explained in the first step. Next you have to put the other (left) arm over the upper body of the injured person. Then you position the palm of your left arm on the victim's cheek.
3. Bend the outside leg
Grasp the victim's outer thigh and bend the leg. Use the third picture in the graphic as a guide.
4. Pull the victim towards you
Pull the injured person towards you by the knee of the bent leg, as in the fourth picture of the graphic. The victim should roll on its side in your direction. Make sure your thigh is at right angles to your hips.
5. Overstretch the victim's head
Stretch the injured person's head up and back and open his mouth. This keeps the airways clear and prevents the victim from choking on vomit or blood. Put your hand on the cheek of the injured person so that the head remains hidden (fifth picture in the graphic).
After alerting the ambulance, make sure the injured person is breathing normally and reacts when you speak to them. You can recognize normal breathing when the injured person's chest rises and falls. You should also hear whether there are breathing noises. To do this, you can put your ear over the victim's mouth and nose. Check if you can feel the air coming out.
If the injured person is not breathing normally, you must start cardiopulmonary resuscitation immediately. Is a so-called Defibrillation device (AED) nearby, you should use it. Defibrillators are medical devices that activate the heart to keep beating with targeted electric shocks. They are not available directly on motorways, but in many public places (for example at train stations, airports and petrol stations). You don't need to be a professional to use a defibrillator properly. Just follow the device's voice instructions.
If there is no defibrillation device nearby, you should start cardiopulmonary resuscitation immediately. The German Red Cross has detailed information on cardiopulmonary resuscitation. At the Johannitern you can find chest compressions under the first aid tips. We have summarized how to proceed step by step.
1. Kneel next to the victim
Kneel down next to the injured person's chest.
2. Put your hands on the victim's chest
Place the heels of your hands roughly on the center of your chest. Put the heel of your other hand on it.
3. Press the center of the chest 30 times
Extend your arms and press 30 times on the victim's chest from above. You should push the injured person's chest at least five to a maximum of six centimeters deep. When doing chest compressions, shift the weight of your own upper body forward. So you have more strength.
4. Ventilate the victim twice
Bring the injured person's head back and lift their chin. Place one hand on the victim's forehead and the other on the chin. Use your hand on your forehead to gently pinch your nose. Put your lips on the injured person's open mouth. Evenly blow air into the victim's mouth for one second. The chest should rise as you do this. Turn your head to the side and breathe in again. If the injured person's chest sinks again, ventilate him a second time.
There are also so-called Resuscitation wipes or Ventilation foilsthat you can put on the victim's face beforehand. You have to blow air into the injured person's mouth or nose through a valve. In this way you avoid direct contact and reduce the risk of infection. In order for the foil to hold, it is attached to the left and right behind the victim's ears with a rubber band. Ventilation foils can be made very small and can even be taken with you as a key ring. You can usually buy the ventilation aids from any first aid shop or pharmacy.
You should know that: In addition to mouth-to-mouth resuscitation, mouth-to-nose resuscitation is also possible. You have to make sure that your mouth remains closed.
5. Alternate between chest compressions and ventilation
You always have to alternate between chest compressions and ventilation. The first thing to do is to squeeze your chest 30 times. After that, you have to ventilate the victim twice. When the injured person starts to breathe again, bring them into the stable side position. If nothing changes in his condition, alternate between chest compressions and ventilation (press 30 times, ventilate twice) until the emergency doctor comes.
You have to pay attention to this: There is even more to consider in cardiopulmonary resuscitation in infants and children. Age, breathing and heart rate (heartbeats per minute) of the victim play an important role here. With babies, for example, you only use two fingertips to press on the chest during chest compressions. It's best to use your index and middle fingers for this. With children, you usually only use the heel of your hand.
Worth knowing: When doing chest compressions, it is best to press the injured person's chest 100 times per minute. The NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital has put together a list of well-known hits so that you can find the right rhythm in an emergency. You can use these eight songs as a guide:
- Stayin ‘Alive (Bee Gees)
- I Will Survive (Gloria Gaynor)
- Sweet Home Alabama (Lynyrd Skynyrd)
- Dancing Queen (ABBA)
- Girls Just Want to Have Fun (Cyndi Lauper)
- Just Dance (Lady Gaga)
- Rock Your Body (Justin Timberlake)
- Quit Playing Games With My Heart (Backstreet Boys)
The correct way to remove a motorcycle helmet
When you arrive as a first responder in a motorcycle accident, you need to act quickly. The question of whether the helmet should be removed can be answered very easily: the victim can only enter the without a helmet stable side position to be brought. Also the Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is only possible without a helmet. The rule is: the helmet has to be taken off!
We'll show you step by step how to remove the helmet. It makes sense to find a second helper.
1. Stabilize the victim's neck
The first thing to do is to stabilize the victim's neck. A helper should hold the injured person's helmet and lower jaw from above with both hands. The second helper kneels to the side of the casualty and folds up the visor of the helmet.
2. Open the chin strap of the helmet
The second helper opens the helmet's chin strap. The first rescuer must continue to stabilize the helmet and the lower jaw of the injured person.
3. Expose the victim's mouth area
If the victim wears glasses, the second helper should take them off. The chin cup or hood must also be removed. The mouth area must be free.
4. Support the victim's head and neck area
The second helper stabilizes the cervical spine. With both hands he supports the head and neck area of the injured person from below.
5. Take off the helmet
The first helper pulls the helmet up over the victim's nose. Then the second helper carefully places the injured person's head on the floor.
6. Open the victim's mouth
Once the helmet has been removed, the first helper holds the injured person's head on the side. The second helper opens the victim's mouth. Visible foreign bodies must be removed.
7. Control the victim's breathing
The second helper should tilt the victim's head back and control breathing. If the injured person breathes, the second helper brings him into a stable side position. The first helper supports the cervical spine and carefully turns the head with it. If the victim does not breathe, the helpers must take immediate life-saving measures (cardiopulmonary resuscitation).
You should consider that: If there is no second helper at the scene of the accident, you should remove the helmet on your own. Basically, you proceed in the same way. In this case, the injured person's cervical spine cannot be additionally stabilized.
What do you have to bring to a first aid course?
You should go to a first aid course weatherproof clothing Bring with you, because practical exercises can also take place outdoors. Also be robust clothes and non-slip shoes recommended. Because: If you take part in a first aid course, you must also actively take the emergency life-saving measures in practice.
You have to have the following with you during a first aid course:
- Writing pads
- Identity card
- Course fee in cash
How long does a first aid course last?
You can take the first aid course according to the new regulation in one day do.Nine teaching units of 45 minutes each are required.
If you want more information, there are providers who also have first aid courses with 16 teaching units in their program. Some also offer shorter refresher courses on specific topics.
You can take first aid courses from these professional providers:
- German Red Cross
What does a first aid course cost?
The cost of a first aid course is usually average between 20 and 40 euros.
What happens if you fail the first aid course?
In principle, you cannot fail the first aid course. You only have to attend all the prescribed hours. In the end, you don't have to take an exam, you just get a certificate of attendance.
Do you have to refresh the first aid course?
Some providers also have voluntary refresher courses in program. The courses are for people who have had a first aid course a long time ago. Individual topics (behavior after a traffic accident, cardiopulmonary resuscitation) can usually be booked here. For those who are interested, there are also special courses on first aid for children, athletes or seniors. The courses are particularly suitable for people who work in the field.
Basically: You only have to attend a first aid course once for your driver's license. The course always remains valid and does not have to be repeated. Car and motorcycle drivers are advised to repeat the first aid measures regularly after two to three years. As a company first helper, you have to refresh your certificate every two years and complete further training.
A first aid course saves lives
A first aid course is not only important for the driver's license. Everyone should act quickly in an emergency and be able to use immediate life-saving measures. The cost and duration of a first aid course are manageable. If you want to do a refresher on your first aid course, you can book it with most providers.
We would like to thank the Johanniter for the clear photos and graphics!
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