How can I dissolve kerosene in water



petroleum (from Latin: petra = Rock, stone + oleum = Oil; short form Petrol) is a liquid mixture of hydrocarbons that is obtained by fractional distillation of crude oil. The properties of the substance mixture depend on the exact chemical composition in each case and can vary widely. Petroleum is not very volatile and hardly flammable with a flash point between 55 and 100 ° C. Petroleum vapors are much heavier than air and can form explosive mixtures with the air. The petroleum fraction in crude oil distillation is in the boiling range between gasoline and diesel fuel from around 160 ° C to 280 ° C.

The correct term for petroleum in English (American) is kerosene and is often mistakenly translated into German as kerosene, although the German term kerosene exclusively refers to easy Petroleum is restricted. The British word for petroleum, on the other hand, is "Paraffine Oil". Petroleum was the historical expression for petroleum, petrol (eum) means mineral oil in English-language texts. The name according to the European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR) is "KEROSIN".

use

Petroleum is used as a fuel (energy density / mass: 11.9 kWh / kg corresponding to 43.1 MJ / kg, energy density / volume: 9.5 kWh / l corresponding to 34.2 MJ / l) for kerosene lamps and as a cleaning agent. It burns evenly with very oily and desolated soot and is suitable as a cleaning agent to remove stubborn grease and dirt residues from metal surfaces.

Petroleum is used in fuels for model airplane compression ignition engines (also called diesel engines) (42% petroleum, 36% diethyl ether, 20% castor oil, 2% isoamyl nitrite). This type of engine is rarely used. However, it is still produced in small series (India, Great Britain, the Czech Republic and former USSR states, primarily for team racing or foxhunting models). Petroleum is today, inter alia. used in jet engines for model aircraft

In the form of an admixture of up to 25%, petroleum is suitable for improving the flow properties of diesel fuel at low temperatures. This method is now obsolete by providing winter diesel well in advance of the cold season and should no longer be used with modern diesel engines.

In the trade, cleaning agents and solvents with very narrow boiling ranges are offered for a wide variety of applications and as petroleum sold. These substances are very pure and have no heavy components that would leave residues.

With a flash point of 38 ° C, petroleum is significantly safer than aviation or car petrol. JET-A1 is the European trade name for fuel for turbine-powered aircraft, also known colloquially as kerosene. Chemically, this is ordinary petroleum with additives. The main use of kerosene is as an aviation turbine fuel, as it is used in aviation. Kerosene is not identical to aviation fuel for piston engines, the aviation fuel used is 100 octane (AvGas).

See also

Categories: Harmful Substance | Environmentally hazardous substance | Mixture of substances | mineral oil