What does the long hyphen mean?

What kind of strokes are there?

In addition to the quotation marks, the dashes are one of the things that need to be corrected more often in texts. What types of strokes are there and how are they created?

In addition to the quotation marks, the dashes are one of the things that need to be corrected more often in texts. What types of strokes are there and how are they created?

Types of strokes in Word

The most frequently used dashes in German texts are the hyphen and the dash. There is also the dash and the minus sign.

The hyphen (-), also called divis, is used to break down compounds and derivatives into individual components (Shipping). It is still used as a supplementary stroke (Quarter and half square), as well as a hyphen for syllables at the end of a word. In addition, it always appears without spaces; the hyphen is a quarter of a square along its length.

Of course, it has its own key (even two) on the keyboard. Problems can sometimes arise when phrases like "hyphen and - middle" are at the end of a word. It can then look like this:

Dash and -
medium

This can be remedied by a protected hyphen, which instructs the word processor not to separate at the end of the line. In Word it can be created with the combination of CTRL + SHIFT + - (minus). The soft separator is used to allow a line break. B. Words not known in Word to show where you can hyphenate. It is generated in Word by CTRL + - (minus).

The dash (-) is twice as long as the hyphen, with which it is often confused. It identifies z. B. a pause in speech between individual words or within a sentence (I came, saw and conquered). He can use it to replace the comma as a punctuation mark. In addition to many other possible uses (command line, counter line, line line, etc.), its use as a to-line is important: 1939–1945 (Not: 1939-1945), 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. (but: ten a.m. to 3 p.m.), Monday - Friday (but: from Monday to Friday), Pp. 15-28. The to-dash always stands without a space (a normal dash, however, with). Word creates the dash with CTRL + Num- (the minus key on the numeric keypad).

The em dash (-) is hardly used at all in German.

- point 1
- point 2
- Point 3

One possibility is to use it instead of the zeros for amounts of money (15,—). Another possibility is to use it as a dash in lists. In the English sentence, however, it is used instead of a dash, but then without spaces: It rained the whole day — my head was dizzy. Word creates the em dash with CTRL + ALT + Num-

By the way, if you want to be completely correct, you don't use a hyphen as the minus sign, but the typographically correct -. It's a tad higher than a normal dash; for comparison: - - It is not present on the keyboard; a single hyphen is usually used instead.

More on the topic: The top 10 misspellings and style deficiencies in theses: practical tips from a science editor

Overview

SurnameE.g.lengthuseGeneration of Word
single hyphen

Quarter squarei.a. Hyphen, hyphen, separator -
protected hyphen- Quarter square prevents unsightly separations at the end of a line CTRL + SHIFT + -
soft separator  Quarter square enforces separations CTRL + -
Thought street

 

Half squarei.a. Dash, dash, command dash, bis dash, ellipsis Ctrl + Num-
Em dashQuarteredi.a. Indent CTRL + ALT + Num-
Minus signlike =Arithmetic operations