Did Uranus die in Greek mythology

Kronos

Kronos is a titan of Greek mythology and also the leader of it. Kronos is the man of Rhea and the son of Uranos (Sky) and the Gaia (earth). He's also the father of the Kronids Demeter, Hades, Hera, Hestia and Poseidon as well as the most powerful of the later Olympian gods: Zeus.




Kronos in myth

Birth and disempowerment of the father

Kronos is the son of Gaia and her son Uranus. Gaia herself emerged from the chaos and formed the very first family of gods in Greek mythology with her siblings. With Uranus, Gaia fathered numerous children who almost formed a forest of family trees. Kronos is the youngest son of the two.

Since Uranos loathed his most terrible children, the Hekatoncheiren and Cyclops, so much that he hid them in Tartaros, an area beyond the underworld, and had them guarded by the monster Kampe, Gaia gave birth to the race of the Titans in secret and unseen.

When Kronos grew up, his mother induced him to emasculate his father with a sickle, that is, to castrate him, in order to avenge himself for the banishment of their children. Kronos followed the instructions, whereby he disempowered Uranus and usurped rule over the world.

Note: According to the mythographer Hesiod, the limb of Uranus ‘then fell into the sea, causing blood and seeds to mix and foam to form around them. From this foam rose the goddess of beauty and love, Aphrodite, who then went ashore in Cyprus → Greek gods.

Kronos and Zeus

After his father was disempowered, Kronos became the ruler of the world and married his sister, the titan Reha, who bore him many children.

However, his mother Gaia and Uranus prophesied that one of his children would also disempower him, which would mean the same fate as his father would overtake him. Therefore, Kronos devoured all the children who rehab gave immediately after birth. So Demeter, Hades, Hera, Hestia and the later sea god Poseidon landed in his throat. Only one was spared.

When Reha became pregnant with Zeus, Uranus and Gaia advised her to do this in secret and not under the eyes of Kronos ‘. Reha therefore withdrew to the island of Crete for the birth, where Zeus was born in a cave and from the nymph - or goat - Amaltheia was taken care of.

Reha only handed the voracious Kronos a diapered stone, which he immediately devoured, without immediately realizing that he was deceived by his wife. However, this stone was so heavy in his stomach that he had to vomit the Zeus siblings.

According to Hesiod, Kronos is outwitted by Zeus and Gaia much later, whereby he vomits and brings the siblings and the stone to light. In the Libraries of Apollodars there is again the hint that Zeus asks the titan Metis for an emetic that has the same effect.

Note: Much later, Zeus had the stone, which his father Kronos vomited, set up in Delphi so that people could look at it. However, before this event there was a very cruel conflict between father and son, the so-called Titanomachy, which describes the protracted battle between gods and the race of the Titans.

Zeus fights against Kronos (Titanomachy)

After Kronos vomited the siblings of Zeus, they rose up against him and the race of the titans in order to establish themselves as rulers of the world.

However, this battle lasted almost a decade without a clear winner emerging from the battlefield. The later victory of the gods led by Zeus would probably never have been possible without the help of the Cyclopes and Hekatoncheirs, who helped them.

Gaia advised Zeus to go to Tartarus, to a place under the underworld and to slay the monster Kampe there, in order to free the sons of Uranus and Gaia. Out of gratitude, the Cyclopes provided Zeus with his lightning bolt and the Hekatoncheirs fought at his side against Kronos.

The fall of Kronos

With the help of the Cyclops, who not only helped Zeus to get the lightning bolt, but also the brothers of the god Poseidon (Trident) and Hades (Helmet) armed with weapons and the Hekatoncheirs, who hurled stones at the titans with their hundred arms, the gods could ultimately win the protracted war and overthrow Kronos.

Some of the titans who stood by Kronos' side received very severe penalties. For example, Atlas was ordered to hold the sky forever so that it would not fall to earth. All others were banished to the Tartaros, where the Hekatoncheirs guarded them and made sure that they never left this place.

Note: With the fall of Kronos, the so-called Golden Age came to an end and the Silver Age began. From then on the Olympian gods ruled the world, Zeus being the most powerful of them. Zeus was the ruler of the sky, his brother Poseidon the god of the sea and Hades was given the underworld → Greek gods.

Chronos and Kronos

Sometimes both names are used for one and the same figure from Greek mythology. But actually there are two different ones.

Philosophical speculation (Orphic) very early on equated the name Kronos with Chronos, which led to a merging of Chronos, a personification of time, and the child eater, which is why it is very often represented with an hourglass, its real attribute being the sickle.

This tendency also took hold of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe in the poem To brother-in-law Kronos by putting such a hybrid creature on the driver's seat of a car following a journey between life and death.

Originally, however, the two gods had nothing to do with each other. It is more likely that confusion was caused by the similar name.

Mythological themes