Can my Dutch friend get me a visa?
Frequently asked questions about the Schengen visa
What is a Schengen Visa?
A Schengen visa that is issued by one of the member states of the Schengen area entitles the holder to move freely within the Schengen area during the period of validity and within the specified time frame, regardless of whether the respective state is a Schengen visa. Member state or an EFTA Schengen member.
Which countries are members of the Schengen Agreement?
You can find a list of all Schengen countries here!
What does the abbreviation EFTA stand for?
The EFTA (European Fair Trade Association) is an association of ten fair trade importers from nine European countries (Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain, Switzerland and the United Kingdom). EFTA was informally founded in 1987 by some of the oldest and largest fair trade importers. The organization received its formal status in 1990. It is based in the Netherlands and is subject to Dutch law.
How is EFTA different from the EU?
EFTA (European Fair Trade Association) is a fair trade association of ten fair trade importers from nine European countries (Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain, Switzerland and the United Kingdom). The EU is a community of mostly European countries (28 to be exact), which participate as an economic unit in the world economy and have an official currency, the euro.
How long can I stay in the Schengen area with a visa?
Depending on the category of visa issued by an embassy / consulate of a Schengen state, there are different restrictions on the purpose of the trip or other relevant circumstances. The most common type of visa is for a maximum of 90 days within a 180-day period, starting with the date of entry.
When can I apply for a Schengen visa?
Anyone can apply for a Schengen visa if all the necessary documents are available and the person concerned has sufficient financial means to make a living while staying in the Schengen area.
Which category of Schengen visa do I need?
Depending on the purpose and type of travel, there are three important Schengen visa categories that are issued by the relevant embassy / consulate.
- The uniform Schengen visa, which is issued by a Schengen member state, entitles the holder to cross the Schengen area or to stay in a desired area for a maximum of 90 days within a period of half a year, whereby the Period begins with the date of entry.
- With a visa of limited territorial validity, the holder may only travel in the country that issued the visa or, in some cases, in certain Schengen states that were expressly mentioned when the application was submitted.
- The national visa is granted to certain people who study, work or stay there permanently in a Schengen state.
What is a uniform Schengen visa?
The uniform Schengen visa contains, according to the purpose of the trip, all two categories: "A" and "C".
- Category "A" is a Airport transit visathat allows the holder to stay in the international transit area of an airport in the Schengen area without entering the Schengen area. An airport transit visa is required by all persons who travel from a third country to another third country and change flights at the airport of a Schengen country.
- Category "C" is a short-stay visa that allows the holder to stay in a Schengen state for a certain period of time, depending on the validity of the visa.
What is the difference between an airport transit visa and a transit visa?
The airport transit visa allows the holder to stay in the international transit area of an airport in the Schengen area without entering the Schengen country. A transit visa allows the holder to cross more than one Schengen state by car, bus or plane on the way to a third country within a maximum of five days.
What is the difference between a single Schengen visa and a multiple Schengen visa?
The single visa or single visa allows the holder to enter a Schengen country once for a certain period of time. When leaving the respective Schengen country, the validity of the visa expires, even if the approved period of stay for this country has not yet expired. The multiple visa entitles the holder to unlimited crossing the Schengen area.
What is a restricted visa?
With this visa, you can only travel to the Schengen country that issued you the visa or, in certain cases, to specific Schengen countries that were expressly mentioned in the travel plan when you submitted your application. This special visa is invalid in all other Schengen states that have not been expressly specified beforehand.
What is a national visa?
The national visa is granted to people who have to stay in a Schengen state permanently for a specific period of time for a specific purpose in order to then return to their home country. A multiple visa is issued for specific persons and entitles the holder to cross the borders of this Schengen state indefinitely and to travel to the entire Schengen area without additional visa requirements.
Can I travel to more than one Schengen country with a single Schengen visa?
Yes. With a Schengen visa you can travel to the Schengen area as long as the duration of the trip does not exceed the validity period of the visa.
Where can I apply for the Schengen visa?
If the applicant only wants to travel to a single Schengen country, he must apply for the visa at the relevant embassy / consulate in that country.
At which embassy do I apply for a Schengen visa if I want to travel to more than one Schengen country?
If the applicant intends to travel to two or more Schengen countries, it is highly recommended to apply to the embassy / consulate of the country where they intend to spend most of the trip. This is known as the main travel destination.
What steps do I have to take when applying for a Schengen visa?
If a person wants to apply for a visa to travel to a Schengen member state, they must do so personally after collecting all the necessary documents, and first and foremost, depending on the rules and regulations, make an appointment in advance. The applicant must ensure that he is in possession of a valid passport, the date of issue of which is no more than ten years ago and is valid for six months until the expiry date.
Where can I get the application form for a Schengen visa?
The application form can be downloaded from this page. The application form is identical for all countries, irrespective of the country for which the applicant wants the visa.
How do I fill out the Schengen Visa application form?
The application form can either be handwritten or typed in. Be careful not to leave any columns blank. If the applicant is of the opinion that certain columns do not suit his situation, these are marked with n. Z. (not applicable) to be filled in.
Do I have to submit the documents personally to the embassy / consulate?
Yes. When applying for a visa, please note that after you have made an appointment at the embassy / consulate, you must personally submit the required documents.
Do I have to make an appointment at the embassy / consulate or can I go when I want?
This depends on the embassy / consulate where the application was made, but it is usually necessary to make an appointment in advance by phone or email. To be on the safe side, the applicant should contact the relevant embassy / consulate and ask for more information.
What is usually asked in an interview about the Schengen visa?
During the interview you will be asked personal questions about your whereabouts, your intended trip and other details. Make sure your answers sound safe and true.
How much does a Schengen visa cost?
There is a non-refundable processing fee for a visa application. The costs for visas have been standardized in the Schengen countries.
Regular fees (in euros)
- Airport transit visa 60.00 euros
- Short stay Schengen visa, less than 90 days 60.00 euros
- Long-term visa, more than 90 days 60.00 euros
Is it common for an embassy / consulate to ask for additional documents in addition to the required documents?
Yes. When applying for a Schengen visa, in addition to the required documents, depending on the desired visa category, additional documents may be requested from the embassy / consulate.
How do I prove to the embassy / consulate that someone is waiting for me in the Schengen country?
When applying for a Schengen visa to visit friends or family members who live in the Schengen area, you must enclose some additional documents as proof:
- an official invitation from the family member / friend who lives in the Schengen state.
- If the applicant declares that he will bear all travel expenses himself, proof of his financial means will be required. If a relative / friend pays the applicant's costs, an official document will be issued by the competent authority of this resident (friend or relative) of a Schengen state.
- If the applicant bears all travel expenses himself, the name, address and a copy of the relative / friend's passport are sufficient. If the friend / relative is not a resident of the Schengen state concerned, a copy of the residence permit will also be required.
How much money do I need to have available to get a Schengen visa?
The funds only need to be sufficient to cover the costs incurred during the trip. This includes accommodation and livelihood during the travel period.
Do I have to submit copies of previous visas when applying for a Schengen visa?
Yes, if there are any.
How long does it take after applying for a Schengen visa to get an answer?
While it usually takes no more than 24 to 48 hours to process a visa, there are times when the process can take longer. In some countries, and when it comes to specific residents, the procedure sometimes takes 14 to 21 days.
Can I apply for a Schengen visa in a non-resident country?
Yes. If you need to apply for a Schengen visa in a non-resident country, it is sufficient to provide a reason why you are applying from that country.
What should I do if I urgently need to extend the Schengen visa?
If there are credible personal, work-related, medical or other reasons, the applicant must contact the competent authorities of the Schengen state in which he is staying and apply for an extension of the Schengen visa.
What documents do I need when I apply for a Schengen visa for study purposes?
Travel for study purposes:
- In this case, two application forms must be completed
- the letter of acceptance from a university / college / school in a Schengen state
- Proof that the applicant can live there and support himself during his stay in the Schengen area.
For more information about a student visa, see Student Schengen Visa.
Do I need additional documents to stay in a Schengen state for more than 90 days?
Yes. Depending on the purpose of the trip, there are additional documents that have to be presented in order to obtain a long-term visa, also known as a national visa, category "D".
What is a residence permit?
An unlimited residence permit refers to a person's visa status. The person can stay in a country for an unlimited period of time, even if they are not a national of that country. Such a person can also be called a permanent resident.
Can I travel within the Schengen area with a residence permit?
With a residence permit, you can travel without any restrictions in the entire Schengen area without the need for additional documents. The residence permit is stamped in the passport. However, you must notify the authorities if you want to travel from the Schengen area to third countries and back.
What should I do if there is no embassy / consulate for the intended country in my home country?
In some developing countries, there may not be an embassy / consulate for the specific Schengen country for which one wishes to apply for a visa. This does not pose a problem, however, since in such cases there are representatives from the embassy or consulate to protect the interests of the country concerned as well as those of their own country and who are responsible for issuing a visa.
As a self-employed person, which documents do I have to enclose when applying for a Schengen visa?
If the applicant is also the owner of the company he / she is employed by, the business registration, income tax returns and the most recent bank statements must be enclosed.
Can I get a Schengen visa as a minor?
Yes. Both parents / guardian (s) must sign the application. If they are divorced or separated and share custody, both parents must also sign. If only one parent has custody, the form will be signed by that parent.
As a minor, do I need additional documents to apply for a Schengen visa?
Yes, namely the following:
- The minor's birth certificate
- The application form must be signed by both parents / guardians or, in the event of divorce, by the parent who has custody
- In cases where one parent has sole custody, the judgment of the family court must be attached.
- If the minor is traveling alone, a notarized, parental declaration of consent, signed by both parents or a guardian, must be enclosed.
Will I get my money back if my Schengen visa is not approved?
No. There is a non-refundable processing fee when submitting an application.
Where do I pay for the Schengen visa?
The fee for a Schengen visa can be paid at the relevant embassy / consulate in cash, by debit or credit card.
Are the Schengen Visa fees the same for adults and children?
No. For children between six (6) and twelve (12) years, the visa costs only 35 euros. The visa is free of charge for children under six (6) years of age.
What is travel insurance?
Travel insurance covers the cost of medical treatment in the event of injury or unexpected illness while traveling. In addition to illness, travel insurance is also used to cover various types of losses both domestically and abroad.
Where do I get travel insurance?
A traveler takes out individual travel insurance with a responsible insurance agency or travel agency for the period in which he wants to stay in the Schengen area. The insurance can be taken out either online or in a conventional way, depending on the insurance company you choose.
Does everyone need travel insurance?
All persons, individuals or groups, as well as tourists or business travelers who are temporarily traveling to the Schengen area from a country that requires a visa, need insurance for their stay in the Schengen area.
Should I take my medical records with me when I travel abroad?
If you have any existing complaints, it is strongly advised to do so.
Does the insurance cover the cost of my medical bills if I go on vacation and get injured while doing an extreme sport?
No, this is usually a case that is not covered. However, if you pay for it separately, such an arrangement can be made.
Last Updated on November 4, 2016
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