What makes a fragrance difficult versus light
Description of fragrance ingredients
including their effect on the psyche
by Burkhard Treude
(Sales trainer for specialist retailers, Dortmund)
(as far as known)
Fir resin, amber.
smoky, slightly tarry
From indigestible stomach contents of the whale.
woody, balsamic, warm, a bit earthy
Oil from the seeds of the ambrette bush.
flowery, musky, similar to amber, slightly sweet with a note of brandy
Makes you sensual
Oil from the roots of the umbelliferous plant, which can be up to 2 m high. Origin: France, Belgium, Germany.
musky, peppery, tangy-tangy
Encourages fear, stabilizes under stress
Essential oil from the fruits and leaves of the evergreen anise tree.
Relaxes, strengthens trust, conveys a feeling of security
Aromatic and medicinal herbs.
aromatic-hot, spicy, aniseed or slightly lemon-like
Cheers up, has an antidepressant effect, activates the mind
Balsamic resin from the tropical styrax tree. Origin: Thailand, Vietnam, Laos.
Like vanilla and chocolate, sweet, balsamic
Calms down, agrees peaceful, relaxed,
Is pressed from the green fruit peels of the Citrus bergamia tree. The fruits are in the shape of a lemon and the size of a large orange. Origin: almost exclusively Calabria (southern Italy).
clear, fresh, citrus-like, fruity-sweet
Cheers up, cheers up, calms, harmonizes, relieves fears, strengthens self-confidence, relieves from external pressure
Oil from the leaves of an evergreen tree. Also used in cola drinks.
spicy, similar to cinnamon
Cassis (black currant)
From the leaves of the black currant bush.
Canadian beaver glandular secretions.
warm, animal-like, leathery, pleasantly sweet when diluted
Essence from the roots of the costus plant (from the daisy family).
Is extracted from the Tonka bean and is produced synthetically.
Sweet, herbal, spicy, like fresh hay, vanilla and woodruff
Fragrant lichens that grow on oaks and other trees. Origin: former Yugoslavia, Tuscany, southern France.
mossy, earthy, spicy and woody
Relaxes, makes you balanced, has a slightly aphrodisiac effect
Oil from the leaves of the eucalyptus tree. Origin: Australia, Spain, Portugal.
Herbal and camphor smell.
Concentration-enhancing, stimulating, encouraging in case of lethargy
Oil obtained from the fruits of the aromatic plant.
warm, sweet, aniseed, herbaceous
Soothes stress and nervousness, conveys warmth and security
Cannot be obtained from the flowers themselves, but is created by the perfumer using a mixture of jasmine, ylang-ylang, neroli and vanilla.
Yellow-brownish resin from the roots of the galbanum bush (large umbrella plant). Origin: Iran, Syria, Turkey.
spicy-green, woody, foliage-like
Calms down, relieves tension
Lush white flower.
Tendril with tiny, strongly fragrant flowers.
Oil from the leaves of the plant. Origin: Southern France, Spain, Russia, North Africa, Egypt. One of the main essential oils used in fragrances.
floral, rose-like, minty, sweet
Relaxed, calmed down, cheered up
From the peel of the citrus fruit.
fruity, fresh, light, bitter
Euphoric, counteracts the feeling of heaviness, stimulates creativity
Essence from the curved, bright purple or white flowers of the heliotrope bush.
floral with undertones of almond
From the peels of unripe oranges (as "Hesperides"Citrus notes such as lemons, oranges, mandarins, bergamot, lime etc. are referred to)
sweet, mild, warm, balsamic
Harmonizes, soothes, conveys warmth and security
Blue, white or purple flower from the lily family that grows wild next to the olive groves of Grasse.
sweet, green, foliage, floral, narcotic intensity
Opens heart and mind, gives courage
Oil extracted from the rootstock of the perennial. Origin: Tropical part of Asia.
woody, warm, spicy
Stimulates, clears and has an aphrodisiac effect, especially in men
Made from resins or balms.
heavy, spicy, narcotic
Leads inwards, intensifies meditative states
The absolute is obtained from the peeled, dried and ground roots. It is one of the most expensive of all natural fragrance essences. The roots have to be stored insect-proof for 3-4 years in order to obtain the desired odorous substance "iron".
oily-woody, violet-like with sweet, fruity-floral nuances, slightly warm-woody, powdery
Harmonizes, stimulates creative forces, strengthens intuition and the ability to love
Fine white flower from which one of the most important essential oils is extracted. 500g jasmine cost several thousand marks. The best jasmine comes from Grasse, southern France. More than 200 different species grow in Egypt, Algeria and Italy. The flowers have to be picked by hand before sunrise, otherwise they will lose their fragrance intensity. It takes 6,000 kg of flowers to make 1 kg of oil.
intense, floral with fruity and herbaceous undertones
Soothes,, promotes intuition, relieves fear, promotes the solution of relationship problems, one of the best aphrodisiac fragrance essences
Extract from the dried flower heads.
mild, somewhat tart and clear
Obtained by distilling the chips of the camphor tree (laurel plant). Origin: Taiwan, East Africa, Ceylon.
medicinal, intense, reminiscent of eucalyptus
Has an antidepressant effect, promotes inner clarity and concentration
Distilled oil from the cardamom plant from the ginger family. It is the most expensive spice oil after saffron. Origin: Ceylon, India.
spicy-aromatic with balsamic-floral undertones, slightly camphor-like
Strengthens, activates, stimulates the brain, relieves feelings of inferiority and sexual blockage
lat. Pinus silvestris
bright, fresh, resinous, tart, slightly tea-like
Oriental coriander oil (from the parsley family).
warm, spicy, flowery, very aromatic, resembles the pepper fruit
Cheer up, relax
A soft, dark oleo resin extracted from stone rose.
warm, spicy, amber-like, leathery, balsamic with dry, woody accents
Low-growing evergreen plant with a purple blooming tip that is native to the Mediterranean Sea. The flower spikes are steam-distilled to obtain the fresh oil. Most of the lavender extract comes from the south of France.
sweet and balsamic, fresh and herbaceous with flowery and woody roots
Relaxed, refreshed, harmonized in extreme moods
Construct of perfumery.
smoky, sweet, animal, warm
Lemongrass (citronella grass)
Grass type. Origin: India, Ceylon, Java.
citrus-like, tart, fresh
Refreshes, activates, relieves tiredness and poor concentration
Oil obtained from the fruits of the bay tree (Mediterranean).
fresh, sweet and spicy, slightly fiery
Encourages imaginative decisions
Made from the seeds of the hard, scaly, oval-shaped fruit of the lychee tree. Origin: China.
A sweet, strongly scented blossom that does not release its essences. The perfumer creates the essence by mixing rose, jasmine, neroli and ylang-ylang with synthetic flavorings.
Fires the imagination, stimulates creative, artistic work
lily of the valley
Oil extracted from the peel.
sweet, tender, fresh, mild
Relieves nervous tension, has an antidepressant effect, and inspires
The scent of the fresh mango fruit is produced synthetically.
mild, fruity, musky
Balm (lemon balm)
From the strongly fragrant leaves of the garden herbs.
Invigorates, balances, clears the mind
From the blossoms and branches of the mimosa tree.
gentle-sweet, flowery, somewhat green, violet-like
Calms, comforts, harmonizes, takes away the feeling of inferiority
Made from stems and aromatic leaves of the climbing mint plant. Contains menthol.
fresh, bright, cool, tart
Promotes concentration, refreshes, calms, clears the mind
Originally from a musk deer skin pocket. Origin: Central Asia.
finely woody, animal-like, slightly fruity-fresh
Seeds from the fruit of the tropical nutmeg tree. Origin: Antilles, Moluccas, Sumatra.
Helps against depression and lack of energy
From the resin of the myrrh bush from the frankincense family, incorrectly called "opoponax oil", correctly called "bisabol myrrh oil". Origin: East Africa, Arabia. Was already around 2000 BC. used.
warm, slightly spicy-sweet, balsamic-fine
Against overexcitation and over-excitement, for inner cleansing and relaxation
Evergreen shrub. Origin: South America, Australia, New Zealand.
fresh, tart, herbal, spicy
Helps against addictive behavior, fear and despair, clears, cleanses
Yellow or white bloom. Came in the 8th century. from Persia via the Silk Road to China. Small amounts are used to round off floral compositions.
earthy, hayy-spicy, sweet
Calms, relaxes, activates the ability to accept oneself
Oil obtained from the dried flower buds of the evergreen clove tree (myrtle family). Origin: Indonesia, Madagascar.
warm, spicy, aromatic, sweet, metallic
Stimulates the brain, supports the ability to concentrate
Neroli (bitter orange)
Distillate from the blossoms of the bitter orange tree. Origin: France.
spicy-bitter, sweet, orange-like
Works against inner tension, slightly aphrodisiac
Resin from a tree growing in Arabia and South Africa. Olibanum is often used in oriental notes. Exceptional fixative.
balsamic-spicy, slightly lemony, typical incense scent, kieny, somewhat coniferous
Promotes meditative immersion
Resin from a plant in the umbelliferae family. Origin: western Mediterranean, Egypt, Arabia.
very balsamic, warm, sweet with a cheeky note, slightly buttery
The scent of orange blossom was discovered by Arab traders in China and used as a symbol of a fruitful marriage. Origin: Florida, California, Sicily, Spain.
warm-bitter flowery, sweet, narcotic
The oil is obtained from the peel of bitter and sweet oranges.
naturally bitter, fruity, tart and spicy, also sweet, light
Sensual, cheers up, has a balancing effect, conveys warmth and tenderness
From the blossoms of the osmanthus tree. Origin: Japan, China, Southeast Asia.
floral with a slight aroma of plums and raisins
The dark orange essential oil is extracted from the dried leaves of the patchouli bush. Origin: India, Malaysia, Sumatra, South America. An important ingredient in oriental fragrances. In recent years, patchouli has become its own form of fragrance. It is mostly used with vetiver.
strong, woody musty, earthy, animal, penetrating, exotic, musky
Antidepressant, conveying relaxation and satisfaction, erotic, sensual
The oil, which is distilled from the leaves and branches of the bitter orange tree, gives scents a gentle note. It is often used with lemon and orange. Although it can also be found in the West Indies and Paraguay, the best petitgrain is grown in southern France.
Calms, clears emotions, strengthens concentration, helps to achieve more distance and mental clarity
Rose absolute is a very valuable and precious oil. The scent is full and long-lasting. The many types of roses offer the perfumer a wide range of fragrances.
delicate, gentle, flowery, sometimes fruity to violet-like
Sensual. harmonized, soothed
Rose de Mai (May rose) / Rose centifolia
From Grasse, southern France.
Harmonizes, helps against lovesickness, unsurpassed as an aphrodisiac fragrance
Rose Damascena, from Bulgaria.
even fuller than the May rose, a little less sweet
Promotes real affection, brings back joy and trust
The oil comes from a South American tree and is used in aromatic creations, especially in rose compositions. A lavender-like derivative is isolated from rosewood oil, which is also found in other plant species.
warm, woody, slightly spicy, flowery
Aphrodisiac, anti-stress, antidepressant
- Does magnetism work in a vacuum
- Why doesn't Arvind Kejriwal join Quora
- Where does the word bootleg come from?
- What are the best programming tutorials
- Is it normal to have frequent sex?
- How can we achieve ecstasy through meditation?
- Learning Makes Life Better and Why
- Why do I always fear losing people
- Industrial engineering courses and certification
- Why do foreign investors flee India 1
- What are advanced areas in chemistry
- Why don't more restaurants serve Coke Zero
- How do I develop data intuition
- Bad white hair
- All beings perceive 3 dimensions
- How did Xi Trump win
- How are great logos designed
- How does deferred reinforcement work?
- How does rethinking affect mental health
- How effective is Warren Buffett's investment strategy
- Are Derrida and Lacan incomprehensible
- How do cats distinguish men from women
- What do you need for the tests
- What is HTML 2 1