Why is Shiva represented as Aghori




मालाकमंडलुरधःकरपद्मयुग्मे, मध्यस्थपाणियुगुले डमरूत्रिशूले

यस्यस्तउर्ध्वकरयोःशुभशंखचक्रेवंदेतमत्रिवरदं भुजषटकयुक्तम


I bow to the son of Atri, who has six hands and whose lowest two hands have Mala and kamandalu,

middle couple of hands hold Damaru and Trishool and top two hands have holy Shankh and Chakra




Dattatreya, a divinity that includes Trimurti, Brahma (the Creator), Vishnu (the Preserver) and Shiva (the Destroyer). He is considered to be the founder of this school.


It is depicted as an ascetic with the three heads of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva along with four dogs representing the four Vedas. In his hands he holds some objects with a spiritual meaning: Kamandal (water jug); Japa Mala (prayer beads); Damru (drum); Trisul (trident); Shankar (conch shell); Sudarshan (discus). Damru and Trisul are associated with Shiva, the discus and the conch shell with Vishnu. A water jar and prayer beads are the few possessions of an ascetic.


Dattatreya's parents were a very religious couple and practiced many tapasyas (renunciations) in order to have a child. His mother wanted her child to become the incarnation of Nirguna Parabrahman (the Supreme Brahman with no form). However, since it is impossible for the formless to take on a form, Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva promised her that their child would embody all three of them.


Dattatreya is considered to be the highest expression of the ascetic, the renunciation, since he knew how to draw deep suggestions for meditation from all things. Even something that everyone considers pointless or negative can teach us a great deal. In his Avadhut Gita he said that he had 24 gurus: the earth, the water, the fire, the wind, various animals, etc. So he learned the various virtues and found spiritual training through these and other natural phenomena.


"There are no scriptures, there are no sacrifices, gods, religions, there are no colors, there are no levels, there are no classes, there are no groups, there is neither a dark nor a light path, the ultimate reality is only the beauty of self. "(Avadhut Gita)




It is difficult to draw a historical map of the Aghori Babas. There are no official numbers. Little and mostly mysterious information exists about them. The few facts that exist come from Persian sources around 1500 BC. BC, as well as from English sources of the 18th century. Apart from this philosophy of life, other mystical schools (such as the Sufis) have partly adopted some techniques of meditation and interwoven them with theirs. Some aghoris also had a Muslim guru or other belief. Nevertheless, the aghoris are an ancient tradition and there were times when this sadhu family was very numerous. Today the devotion to these babas comes mainly from the Indian middle class.





The largest center today is the Kina Ram Ashram and the areas of the cremation sites Varanasis (Benares), the center of important pilgrimages of the Aghoris. Kina Ram is a sadhu who lived in the year 700 and is considered to be the incarnation of Shiva.


It is estimated that there were no more than 300 aghoris in all of Varanasi at the beginning of the 19th century, while today they are estimated at only about twenty, and in all of India maybe a hundred.



Aghori mantra



Kina Ram


Baba Kina Ram is one of the greatest saints in India. He was born in the Ramgarth village of Chandauli in the district of Uttar Pradesh into a Zamindar family (officials of the Mughals who collect taxes from farmers) of Akbar Singh and Mansa Devi. From the beginning he showed signs of divinity. He was not interested in everyday mundane activities, but showed a tendency towards self-denial and withdrawn lifestyle, which really worries his parents, who married him early, but the newlywed bride died before marriage. Baba Kina Ram immediately left his home and was initiated by Baba Shiva Ram. He later traveled all over India and attended all the major pilgrimages.


In Balochistan he practiced strict sadhana in the temple of Mata Hingalaj, who referred him to Girnar Mountain in Gujarat from where he was supposed to travel to Varanasi. In Girnar he had a darshan from Bhagwan Dattatreya and thus obtained divine siddhi (power). Baba Kina Ram then lit a fire for Agneya Rudra in Krim Kund that has been burning for 400 years. Bija Ram and Ram Jeyawan were his most famous students.


Many injustices plagued society during the Mughal rule. Baba Kina Ram defied the tyranny of local rulers and taught people to rise above caste, creed and sectarian views. He performed miracles to prove that a true saint transcends human power and cannot be intimidated by rulers or kings who lived luxurious lives. The stories of his miracles are very famous in North India. He was laid to rest in the lap of Mata Hingalaj near Krim Kund and then the management of the ashram was handed over to Bija Ram.

































































1) PRITHVI (mother earth)

9) AJGAR (python)

17) PINGALA (a courtesan)

2) VAYU (wind)

10) SINDU (ocean)

18) KURARAPAKSHI (a bird of pray)

3) AKASHA (space - sky)

11) PATANGA (bugs)

19) BALAK (children)

4) JAL (water)

12) BHRAMAR (black bee)

20) KUMARI (virgin)

5) AGNI (fire)

13) MADHUKSHIKA (honey-gatherer)

21) SHARAKRIT (arrow maker)

6) CHANDRA (moon)

14) GAJ (elephant)

22) SANF (snake)

7) SURYA (sun)

15) MRIG (deer)

23) MAKADI (spider)

8) KAPOT (pigeon)

16) MIN (fish)

24) BHRINGI (a species of wasp)


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The symbols of Dattatreya


The cow is mother earth and Dharma. She is Kamadhenu the Wish Fulfilling Cow.

The four dogs symbolize the four Vedas, the repositories of spiritual wisdom.

The trident indicates that He has transcended the three Gunas that make up the illusory world: Sattva - enlightenment, Rajas - activity, and Tamas - indolence.

The Sudharshana chakra indicates that it is beyond past, present and future time cycles.

The conch represents the eternal sound AUM, which is the sound manifestation of God, as well as the life principle in us and the universe.

The bhasma ash indicates its detachment (vairāgya) and its purity. The ashes symbolize the volatile nature of all matter.

The begging bowl teaches us that we should share our wealth and our food with others.

The Japa Mala prayer chain reminds us that our first duty is to chant and meditate on the sacred name of the Lord.


To bless his followers, Shri Dattatreya wanders around noon in the guise of a guest. Hence, it is said that a guest should be treated as an incarnation of Dattatreya.


Dattatreya Yantra


Shri Dattatreya Kavacham

Sripaada: paatu me paadaa vuru siddhaasana stithaa: |
Paayaat digambaro guhyam nruhari: paatu me katim || 1 ||

Naabhim paatu jagatsrashto daram paatu dalodara: |
Krupaalu: paatu hrudayam shadbhuja: paatu me bhujou || 2 ||

Srakkundii shoola damaru shankha chakra dhara: karaan |
Paatu kantham kambukantha: sumukha: paatu me mukham || 3 ||

Jivhaam me vedvaak paatu netre me paatu divyadruk |
Naasikaam paatu gandhaatmaa paatu punyasravaa: srutii || 4 ||

Lalaatam paatu hansaatmaa shira: paatu jataadhara: |
Karmendriyaani paatviisha: paatu dyananendriyaanyaja: || 5 ||

Sarvantaronta: karanam praanaanme paatu yogirat |
Uparishtaad adhastaachcha prushthata: paarshvatograta: || 6 ||

Antarbahishcha maam nityam naanaarupa dharovatu |
Varjitam kavachenaa vyaatsthaanam me divyadarshana: || 7 ||

Raajata: shatruto hinsraad dushprayogaa ditoghata: |
Aadhi vyaadhi bhayaartibhyo dattatreya: sadaavatu || 8 ||

Dhana dhaanya gruha kshetra strii putra pashu kinkaraan |
Dyanaatiishcha paatu nityam me anasuyaananda vardhana: || 9 ||

Baalonmatta pishaachaabho ddunit sandhishu paatu maam |
Bhoota bhoutika mrutyubhyo hari: paatu digambara: || 10 ||

Ya etat data kavacham sannahyaad bhakti bhaavita: |
Sarva anartha vinarmukto grahapiidaa vivarjita: || 11 ||

Bhoota preta pishaachaadyair devair apyaparaajita: |
Bhuktvaatra divya bhogaan sa dehaaAnte tat padam vrajet || 12 ||

Iti P. P. Shri Vasudevanand Saraswati virachitam Shri Dattatreya Kavachamsampurnam

1) Shri Laxmi stays at the feet of Shri Dattatreya. Hence let Shri Dattatreya protect my feet. Let Shri Dattatreya who sits in Siddhasana posture, protect my thighs. Let Digambar protect my anus and my reproductive organs. Let Nruhari protect my waist.

2) Let Jagatsastra protect my navel. Let Dalodara protect my stomach. Let Krupalu protect my heart. Let Shatbhuja protect my shoulders.

3) Shri Dattatreya has held Mala, Kamandalu, Trishula, Damaru, Shankha and Chakra in his six hands, Let my hands be protected by him. Let Kambukantha protect my throat. Let Sumukha protect my mouth.

4) Let Vedvak protect my tongue. Let Divadruk protect my eyes. Let Gandhatma protect my nose. Let Punyashrava protect my ears.

5) Let my forehead be protected by Hansatma. Let my head be protected by Jatadhara. Let my organs which work for me by Ishwara and my organs which give me knowledge be protected Aja.

6) Let my conscience be protected by Sarvantara. Let my Pranan be protected by the king of Yogies. Let Yogiraj protect me from all ten directions.

7) Let Shri Gurudev Datta who can take many forms / incarnations; protect me in and out of the house / body. Let anything which is not covered by this Kavacha, be protected by Divadrushti.

8) Let Gurudev Datta protect me from tyrant government, enemies, wield animals, bad things performed to trouble me, my sins, mental diseases and disease of my body, and all other troubles, difficulties.

9) Let son of Anusuya protect my money, food, my house, my wife, my children’s, my pets, my servants and my relatives.

10) Let Balonmatta protect me in day, night and the period in between day and night from all pancha mahabhutas (earth, water, fire, air and sky) and from death.

11) Anybody reciting this Datta Kavacham with devotion and faith will become free from all his troubles, difficulties and so also from troubles by planets such as Saturn, Mars etc.

12) Ghosts, Demons etc. can't trouble such devotee who recites this Kavacha daily. He will become happy, all his desires will be fulfilled, become successful in his endeavors and lead a healthy, wealthy and peaceful life. After his death he will go to Datta Loka.

Here completes Shri Dattatreya Kavacham by Shri Vasudevanand Saraswati.



Dattatreya Ashtottara Sata Namavali

Dattatreya Stotram

Dattatreya stava