What is the Ku Klux Klan 1

In 1865 a small group of civil war veterans from the southern states founded a secret society: the Ku Klux Klan. The clan soon spread fear and terror among the black population who had just been freed from slavery. Blood acts and lynchings are on the rise. In Washington, Congress begins to take action against the invisible enemy, which leads to the official dissolution of the clan in 1871. In 1915 the Ku Klux Klan, initiated by David W. Griffith's film "The Birth of a Nation", is re-founded.

Under its new leaders, the Klan adapts to the social changes in the USA and radicalizes its program: The KKK now turns radically against immigration and urbanization and becomes anti-communist, anti-Semitic and anti-Catholic.

Almost four million Americans join the group that has grown into a huge, influential lobby group. At the end of the twenties, the movement was weakened by scandals and the economic crisis and dissolved again after the Second World War. But that shouldn't mean the end of it.


November 3, 2020 gives the US a choice: "Keep it up" under Donald Trump or would you prefer an alleged restart with Joe Biden? In the last few weeks of the election campaign, ARTE painted a diverse portrait of the USA. Who are the citizens of the most powerful democracy in the world and how do they react to social division, racism and rampant corruption? Aside from the loud political struggle in the cities, ARTE also lets your gaze wander: at American culture and the vastness of the country with its uniquely beautiful nature.