How widespread is polygamy among Jews

The history of polygamy and its legal status in Judaism and Christianity

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1 The history of polygamy and its legal status in Judaism and Christianity] ملا [German German source:

2 ار خ اتلعدد و حليف ايلهودية نلرصانية »اللغة الا ملانية« ملصدر:

3 The History of Polygamy and Its Legal Status in Judaism and Christianity Polygamy is not a practice that is restricted to the religion of Islam only; it is rather something well known in the history of the people of the book, the Jews and Christians. Only recently have their religious men disapproved and pronounced them wrong. However, if you look at the early history of religions, you find that it is at least an accepted practice, if not a recommended one. Polygamy in Judaism Polygamy existed among the Israelites long before the time of Moses, who continued this establishment with no limit on the number of marriages a Hebrew could have. The Jewish Encyclopedia states: While there is no evidence of polyadric conditions in primitive Jewish society, polygamy appears to be a 3rd

4 To have been widespread establishment from the earliest times to comparatively modern times. 1 Another common practice was taking concubines. 2 In later times, the Jerusalem Talmud, restrictions were placed on the number of wives a man can properly support. Some rabbis stipulated that a man cannot have more than four wives. Polygamy was eventually forbidden in Judaism by the rabbis, not by God. Rabbi Gershom ben Judah is believed to have banned polygamy in the 11th century for Eastern European Jews (Ashkanazi) for the next thousand years (ended 1987). The Mediterranean (Sephardic) Jews retained polygamy. 3 Accordingly, according to Will Durant: "Did the wealthy Jews in Islamic countries practice polygamy, while among the Jews in Christian countries they seldom practice polygamy? 1 Polygamy, Executive Committee of the Editorial Board and Julius H. Greenstone. The Jewish Encyclopedia. (2 Pilegesh, Emil G. Hirsch, Schulim Ochser and the Executive Committee of the Editorial Board. The Jewish Encyclopedia. (3 Takkanah. Encyclopædia Britannica from Encyclopædia Britannica Premium Service. (Peggy Fletcher Stack, Globally, Polygamy Is Commonplace, The Salt Lake Tribune 20 Sep

5. According to Joseph Ginat, Professor of Social and Cultural Anthropology at the University of Haifa, it is a common and even growing practice among the Bedouins of Israel. It is also common among the Mediterranean Jews living in Yemen Rabbis allow Jews to marry up to five wives.5 In modern Israel, the rabbi gives the husband the right to marry a second wife without divorcing the first if she cannot have children or is mentally ill . " 6 Polygamy in Christianity Jesus, who elsewhere overlooked polygamy, is not relevant as an example of marriage customs, since he himself did not get married in his mission on earth. According to father Eugene Hillman: "Nowhere in the New Testament is there any particular reference to the fact that marriage should be monogamous or that there is even a prohibition on polygamy." 7 The Church in Rome banned polygamy in order to conform to Greco-Roman culture, which only 4 Will Durant, The Age of Faith: A History of Medieval Civilization -Christian, Islamic, and Judaic - from Constantine to Dante: AD (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1950) Christopher Smith, Polygamy s Practice Stirs Debate in Israel, Salt Lake Tribune 7th Dec Peggy Fletcher Stack, Globally, Polygamy Is Commonplace, The Salt Lake Tribune 20 Sep Polygamy Reconsidered, p

6 declared a wife to be legal, but allowed concubines and prostitution. 8 The Roman conqueror, Valentinian I, allowed Christians to take two wives in the fourth century. In the eighth century, Charlemagne, who had power over church and state, lived polygamous himself: he had six or, according to some sources, nine wives. 9 According to Joseph Ginat, the author of Polygamous Families in Contemporary Society, the Catholic Church disapproved of these practices but occasionally allowed a second marriage for political leaders. 10 St. Augustine does not appear to have seen any substantial immorality or sin, and stated that polygamy is not a crime where it is a legal establishment of a country. 11 He wrote in The Good of Marriage (Chapter 15, Paragraph 17) that polygamy was permitted among the forefathers: whether it is still permitted now, I would not be too hasty to say. Because nowadays there is not the same need to have many children as there was then, where it was even allowed to have another 8 Ibid., S Matilda Joslyn Gage, Woman, Church And State, S Peggy Fletcher Stack, Globally , Polygamy Is Commonplace, The Salt Lake Tribune 20 Sep St. Augustine, lib. ii. cont. Faust, ch. xlvii. 6th

To marry 7 women in addition, if the woman had children, so that one had a large offspring, which is certainly not allowed now. He tended to condemn the patriarchs, but did not infer from their practices the broader acceptability of polygamy. Elsewhere he wrote: "In our day and in accordance with Roman custom, in fact, it is no longer permissible to take another wife so that one has more than one living wife." 12 During the Protestant Reformation, Martin Luther said: "For my part, I affirm that if a man desires to marry two or more women, I cannot forbid him to do so, because it does not contradict the scriptures." He advised Philip von Hessen to keep his second marriage a secret in order to avoid a public scandal. 13 One of the greatest poets of the English language and the famous English Puritan John Milton () wrote: "I did not say: the marriage of a man to a woman for fear that implicitly the holy patriarchs and the pillars of our faith, Abraham and others, who have had more than one wife burdened with an ordinary sin; and for fear that I will do so 12 Deferrari, vol. 27: Saint Augustine - Treatises on Marriage and Other Subjects (1955), pp. 31, 34, 36, Matilda Joslyn Gage, Woman, Church And State, S

8 would be forced to exclude these and all of their descendants, indeed all of the sons of Israel, from the sanctuary of God as illegitimate. For in Deuteronomy (23: 3) it says: Neither should a mixed race come into the Lord's church; even his descendants up to the tenth member are not to come into the Lord's church. 14 On February 14, 1650, the parliament in Nuremberg decided that because so many men had died in the Thirty Years' War, every man was now allowed to marry up to ten women. 15 African churches have long recognized polygamy. They stated at the Lambeth Conference in 1988: "It has long been recognized in African Communion that polygamy in parts of Africa and traditional marriage do indeed have both devout and righteous features. 16 Mwai Kibaki, the Christian President of Kenya, whose victory was won by the Presbyterian Church of the Hand of God, lives polygamous. 17 No longer under the law of the former white 14 Matilda Joslyn Gage, Woman, Church And State, S O. Jensen, A Genealogical Handbook of German Research (Rev. Ed., 1980) S Robin Gill, Churchgoing and Christian Ethics (Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1999) 249, 17 Sam Gonza, Churches Celebrate Kenya s New President, Christianity Today Feb 20 Marc Lacey, Polygamy in Kenya an issue after wives of president revealed , New York Times Dec 19

9 Christians, South Africa also legalized polygamy after apartheid. 18 In its early history, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in the United States practiced polygamy. Factions left the church to continue after the church banned it. Polygamy persists among these groups in Utah, neighboring states, and some colonies; as well as among some individuals who do not belong to any church organization. Polygamy is illegal in the United States, but it exists unofficially and is estimated to exist until people are polygamous in the West. Typically these families are Mormon fundamentalists or Christian groups who uphold polygamy as a time-honored and biblical way of life. 19 Before one points the finger at Islam and the Muslims when talking about polygamy, it is necessary to have enough knowledge of the subject and its past. Practices that have existed throughout history should be 18 Aurelia Dyanti, Two wives better than one for some South Africa men, The Star July 16, Cheryl Wetzstein, Traditionalists Fear Same-Sex Unions Legitimize Polygamy, The Washington Times 13.Dec

10 have proven appropriate, do not judge the present with our limited views. Rather, one should endeavor to research the subject thoroughly and, more importantly, seek Divine guidance. Cooperative Da'wa office in Rabwah (Riyadh) 10