What is pilot training

Requirements, application, training
How do you become a pilot?

Cockpit workplace - many applicants dream of a career as a pilot. The job demands a lot of responsibility, and training to become a pilot is a tough one. Here you can find all the information about requirements, application and the selection process.

If you want to transport people or goods by air, you can choose betweendifferent training paths choose. Although “pilot” is not a recognized vocational training course - the content and course are not regulated by the state - the school-based training takes placeuniform throughout Germany. Providers are private flight schools or flight companies such as the Lufthansa Group. In both cases, the training costs several thousand euros, but it is significantly more expensive at private flight schools.

A distinction is made between professional pilots and commercial pilots: As Professional pilot you control a smaller aircraft or act as a co-pilot in a larger machine.Traffic pilot manage large aircraft independently as captains. Additional flight licenses and practice hours are required for this. Those who prefer to pilot a helicopter can train as a professional helicopter pilot.

Becoming a pilot: the prerequisites

Prospective traffic pilots must (Technical) high school diploma have dropped. During their training they are taught in English, but they do not have to prove their language skills when applying. Whoever wants to become a professional pilot needs at least thatSecondary school leaving certificate and a completed training. The lessons are held in German, but very good knowledge of English is also required.

Additional apply to all aspiring pilots personal requirements:

  • Age of majority at the beginning of the apprenticeship
  • permanent residence and work permit in the EU
  • unrestricted passport
  • Height between 165 and 198 centimeters
  • good eyesight (max. minus / plus 3 diopters)
  • a maximum of 3 points in the register of fitness to drive

Applying as a pilot

Online application is also on the rise in flight schools. The European Flight Academy even operates its own applicant portal: It is the official flight school of the Lufthansa Group, the largest European airline group.

The application documents consist offollowing elements:

  • Write to:The letter of application should be the first to catch the eye and be easy to read.
  • Curriculum vitae:The heart of the application gives a compact overview of the previous academic and professional stages.
  • Certificates, evidence, certificates:School, work and study certificates, medical certificates, police clearance certificates and the like fall into this category.

Become a pilot: the selection process

The selection process begins when all the formal criteria are met. Because pilots have skills from very different areas, the process is anything but a walk in the park. Many airlines use the so-called DLR test, which is considered very difficult: One intensive preparation is the alpha and omega!

The details of the selection process differ depending on the training provider, but all processes determine similar knowledge and skills. At the European Flight Academy, the process is divided into three stages.

Selection stage 1: the basic examination

The selection process begins with the "basic professional examination". Contrary to what the name suggests, there is no doctor involved here. Instead, theone day examwhether applicants meet the basic requirements for a career as a pilot. The technical-physical section includes the areas of electrical engineering, mechanics, thermal and fluid mechanics.

Then theKnowledge of English put to the test. Pilots also have to be able to calculate well and think logically, remember a lot of things and stay focused at all times. Thesensorimotor skills determines a test in which flight parameters such as altitude and speed must be checked with a joystick and on the touchscreen. Meanwhile, an acoustic task is running, because even in complex situations you need the ability in the cockpit tomultitasking.

Selection level 2: the group qualification

Here it is checked whether you are suitable in terms of behavior, teamwork and personality. The selection stage “group qualification” is structured like an assessment center. Because prospective professional pilots usually fly in two-man cockpits and must therefore be particularly suitable for groups, the procedure takes two days for them; for traffic pilots it is only one day. However, the content and processes are almost the same.

In various exercises and role plays, the candidates have to show how they behave in typical professional situations - alone or in a team. The examiners attach great importance topsychomotor skills and the response toMultiple loads. In a personal interview, the applicants are checked, for example, with regard to social skills, leadership skills and communication skills.

Selection stage 3: the fitness test

In the medical examination, a doctor examines whether you have themedical requirements fulfilled for the pilot career. He measures body height and weight, checks visual acuity and hearing, tests the reflexes, assesses the body structure and checks general mobility and fitness. Poor eyesight is not an exclusion criterion for pilots, even if something different is often claimed. At the Drug screening However, applicants must have a clean slate.

Training to become a pilot

The duration and course of the training vary depending on the provider. However, it usually consists of a theoretical and a practical part and lastsaround two years. In the practical part, applicants usually complete more than1,000 flight hours. Traffic pilots learn to fly first in a single cockpit and later in a multi-cockpit. For professional pilots, the focus from the start is on working in the multi-cockpit.

The theory almost always takes place in the first year of training and provides, among other things, knowledge of aircraft science, aviation law, flight planning and meteorology. In addition, the prospective pilots deal with aerodynamics, emergency measures or focus positions. Before they are allowed to take flight lessons, their knowledge checked by the Federal Aviation Office

Further information

Dream job pilot: The Lufthansa Group provides information about the application process and training to become a pilot.

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Date: 09/19