What was Marie Antoinette accused of?

Execution of Louis XVI.

Trial against Ludwig

Since December 3, 1792 King Louis XVI. made the process by the National Convention. He was accused of having been in contact with opponents of the revolution abroad and of secretly negotiating with Austria and asking for help.

The judgment

Robespierre, a leading member of the radical Jacobins, campaigned vehemently for a condemnation of the king. The vote was held on January 17, 1793. Ludwig was sentenced to death with a slim majority. Since some MPs were in favor of the death penalty, but in favor of a postponement, Ludwig was sentenced to death with a majority of only one vote (361 to 360 votes). He was found guilty of "conspiracy against public freedom and the security of the entire state".

the execution

On January 21, 1793, Louis XVI. publicly beheaded with a guillotine. This took place on the "Platz der Revolution", today's "Place de la Concorde. Ludwig recently protested his innocence again. He was allowed to say goodbye to his family. Numerous spectators lined the path to the place of execution. Many also saw the beheading." Ludwig's wife, Queen Marie Antoinette, was executed that same year, on October 16, 1793.


Ludwig's execution sparked indignation among opponents of the revolution. Abroad the attack went again, Great Britain joined the opposing coalition [see: First coalition war]. The republic was also threatened from within when dissatisfied peasants, together with nobles and clergy, rose up in resistance throughout the country, especially in the Vendée in western France [see Vendée uprising]. The supporters of the republic responded with terror in order to maintain their rule.