How is daily life in Mexico

"Migration and Population" newsletter

A third of Mexico's adult population is positive about potential emigration to the United States. The reasons for the high willingness to emigrate lie in increasing crime, the poor economic situation, corruption and rampant violence in the gang war of drug cartels.

The study published as part of the "Pew Global Attitudes Project" is based on a representative survey conducted in Mexico with a total of 1,000 respondents aged over 18 years. The main topics of the survey in Mexico were immigration, the fight against drug cartels, the economic situation in Mexico, the political class of the country and relations with the USA. Crime (81%) and drug trafficking (73%) as well as economic problems (75%) are seen as the biggest problems at the moment, but corruption in Mexican politics (65%) also ranks prominently in the survey. 57% of respondents believe that migrants expect better lives in the US (2007: 51%). 39% of respondents said that relatives or close friends lived in the United States. A third of respondents said they were willing to immigrate to the United States if they had the financial means and the opportunity to do so. 18% are even willing to emigrate via irregular channels.

The results of the Pew study are in contrast to the current trend of the decline in Mexican immigration to the northern neighboring country and reflect the immense problems in Mexico today. Since President Felipe Calderón (PAN, Conservative) made the fight against drug cartels a focus of his government work and significantly increased the presence of the federal police and the military in numerous regions of Mexico, violent clashes between competing drug cartels and between drug cartels and the military or police have continued to increase . Since the end of 2006, more than 14,000 people, mostly small dealers, have been killed by members of competing cartels in the so-called "drug war". These tendencies as well as the daily media reports of excesses of violence, kidnappings and extortion of protection money lead to a general feeling of insecurity in Mexican society.

With regard to Mexico's economic development, the following should be noted: Mexico is one of the largest economic powers in Latin America and, along with Brazil and Argentina, is one of the Latin American member states of the G-20, on the other hand, according to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the Mexican economy is the strongest of the economy affected by the economic crisis. This depends on a. with the heavy dependence on trade relations with the USA. Among the industrialized and emerging countries analyzed by the IMF, no nation - measured in terms of gross domestic product - has recorded such a sharp decline in economic power as Mexico (forecast for 2009: –7.3%).

The economic crisis has already had an impact on remittances from Mexican migrants around the world. While these rose by around 20% annually in the years 2004-2006, the increase was only 2% in 2007 (2004: 18.3 billion USD; 2005: 21.7 billion USD; 2006: 25.6 billion USD ; 2007: $ 26.1 billion). In 2008 it was down 3.6% ($ 25.1 billion). Remittances from migrants are among Mexico's three most important sources of income, alongside oil production and tourism.

According to recent Mexican studies, migrants can also be a burden to their family members who have stayed in Mexico. The case usually occurs when the emigrants cannot repay their debts to the smuggling organizations due to unemployment, for example, and their relatives have to pay for the debt.