What does value mean in a person
[engl. personal values, individual values], [EW, PER, SOZ], is a stable disposition that expresses what a person finds important in life and which long-term goals in life (goals, personal) are accordingly considered desirable (values). In scientific German language usage, the concept of value retention has established itself to characterize how an individual prioritizes these present values, i.e. how important each value is for the individual. Alternatively, the term Value orientation used. In Angloamerica. Space, on the other hand, are often both values and value attitudes as values designated. The value attitude is part of the self-concept, as it also gives an answer to the question: Who am I? In contrast to the attitude and the interest, the value attitude does not only refer to a specific Object (e.g. person, group, idea), but acts as a guideline for life across situations and time. The prioritization of a value can be done with a certain. Attitude towards a specific Go hand in hand with an object and show increased interest and greater attention in relation to an object, but the value system is more abstract than these two. In contrast to personality dimensions such as B. the Big Five, value retention includes a central motivational component. While the characteristics of an individual on the Big Five describe how a person is (e.g. conscientious), the values describe what a person strives for (e.g. security). Some of the Big Five show a thematic overlap and, accordingly, a pos. Correlation with values (e.g. compatibility with prosocial values), but both constructs can be distinguished (Fischer & Boer, 2015). Values predict behavior (Bardi & Schwartz, 2003; Maio et al., 2009). For example, people who value universalism are more likely to use environmentally friendly products, and people who value performance learn a lot shortly before important exams, even if they have acquired a lot of knowledge beforehand. Cultural similarities and differences in values as well as their relation to life satisfaction were examined in extensive studies (Schwartz, 2014, Welzel & Inglehart, 2010). In the long history of discussion and research into value systems, values have primarily been viewed as relatively stable. Changes in values and value development have only recently moved into the focus of research. The model of the Changing values [engl. value change] by Bardi & Goodwin (2011) explains, for example, how values change in the short and long term and how priming, adaptation, identification, the striving for consistency and persuasion can reinforce the change in values. More recent studies on value development (Döring et al., 2016) highlight the interplay between interindiv. Differences, maturation, central life events and experiences (see also value formation).
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