Where does the word fascism come from?


Placeholder Lexicon F gray (& copy Stefan Eling)

Extreme ideas

Fascism is a political movement that arose in Italy at the beginning of the 20th century. She represented right-wing, racist and xenophobic thoughts. Soon after its founding, the fascist party took power in Italy through the use of violence and terror. The leader of the fascists was Benito Mussolini. He demanded absolute obedience from party members. His followers had to submit to the ideas of fascism. The leader Mussolini and his top followers determined what people should do and think.

Weak democracy

The democratic parliament had become powerless. Because the people were doing very badly economically at that time, they longed for a strong leader. They hoped that he would help them out of their misery.

Fascism outside of Italy

Fascism was also able to gain a foothold in other countries where people were not doing well, especially in Germany, where it was called "National Socialism". It was not until the end of the Second World War in 1945 that the fascist terror in European countries was over. It was revived in South American states when dictators came to power there.

Where does the term come from?

The fascists had the ancient Roman bundle of rods as a symbol on their flags and as a party badge. The Latin term for it is "fasces". The term "fascism" is derived from this.

Source: Gerd Schneider / Christiane Toyka-Seid: The young politics encyclopedia from www.hanisauland.de, Bonn: Federal Agency for Civic Education 2021.