Which people shouldn't be blood donors?

Reasons for exclusion from a blood donation

The examining doctor of the blood donation service decides on the approval for blood or platelet donation in terms of the protection of your health and that of the blood recipient based on legal requirements. The non-admission to donation is therefore only due to hygienic, medical and safety considerations and does not mean any discrimination against persons or population groups willing to donate.

Temporary grounds for exclusion

Persons temporarily excluded from the donation are

  • who were born or raised in a malaria endemic area for 4 years after the last stay; Donation is only permitted if there are no fever attacks and the detection of plasmodia antibodies is negative
  • who have or had their temporary center of life (> 6 months) in a country in which hepatitis B and C, or HIV or HTLV-I / II infections have spread comparatively strongly (e.g. Africa, the Caribbean, Southeast Asia, South America, Eastern Europe for 4 months after the last stay), or who had intimate contact with the above-mentioned people after entering from an endemic area for 4 months
  • after visiting malaria endemic areas for at least 6 monthsif during and after the stay there were no fever attacks or other indications of malaria were observed
  • after visiting countries with an increased risk of hepatitis A: e.g. B. with correspondingly poor hygienic conditions (Mediterranean countries, Turkey, North Africa, Eastern Europe for 3 weeks)
  • after administration of blood, blood components or plasma derivatives for 12 months
  • after stab injuries with injection needles contaminated by foreign blood or mucosal contact with foreign blood for 4 months
  • who have had acupuncture for 4 months (except carried out by a doctor and with sterile single-use needles, then no provision)
  • who have had tattoos or who have had the skin pierced (piercing, ear piercing) or ozone therapy for 4 months
  • after major operations, after endoscopic interventions, e.g. B. gastroscopy, rectoscopy, colonoscopy, bronchoscopy, arthroscopy, laparoscopy (stomach, bowel, lung, knee, laparoscopy), for at least 4 months
  • after a small operation, e.g. B. tooth extraction, periodontal treatment, lipoma removal, mole removal or wound care, for at least 14 days
  • after routine treatments at the dentist or dental hygienist (tartar) for 24 hours
  • who had tuberculosis or infection with typhoid or parathyphoid fever or osteomyelitis for at least 2 years after healing
  • after recovery from infectious mononucleosis (Pfeiffer's glandular fever; kissing disease) for 6 months
  • after fever, diarrhea or other infectious diseases (with the exception of uncomplicated infections, e.g. simple rhinitis) for at least 4 weeks after the symptoms have subsided
  • after contact with animals found dead (does not apply to the slaughter of livestock or hunting) for 2 weeks
  • after an uncomplicated infection (runny nose) for 7 days
  • after vaccination against rabies (as prophylaxis after animal bites) or after administration of sera of animal origin for 12 months
  • after the administration of live vaccines (e.g. against poliomyelitis (oral vaccination), yellow fever, rubella, measles, mumps, typhoid, cholera) for 4 weeks
  • after hepatitis A vaccination for 24 hours
  • after hepatitis B vaccination for 4 weeks
  • After vaccination with dead or toxoid vaccines or genetically engineered vaccines (tetanus, diphtheria, TBE, hepatitis A, poliomyelitis inactivated, influenza (flu), typhoid inactivated, typhus, cholera inactivated, prophylactic vaccination against rabies) no deferment is required if you feel healthy and have no inflammation at the vaccination site
  • in the presence of drug allergies for 12 months after last intake
  • during and after pregnancies for 6 months and during the entire lactation period
  • Women should not donate blood during their menstrual period if they have circulatory problems

Trips to Southern and Eastern Europe as well as North Africa can lead to provisions.

For a limited period of time, persons whose sexual behavior poses a significantly higher risk of transmission of blood-borne infectious diseases such as HBV, HCV or HIV are to be postponed for 12 months:

  • heterosexual persons with sexual risk behavior, e.g. B. Sexual intercourse with frequently changing partners
  • People who offer sexual intercourse for money or other services (e.g. drugs) (male and female sex workers)
  • Men who have sexual intercourse with men (MSM)
  • transsexual persons with sexually risky behavior
  • after sexual intercourse with one of the aforementioned persons with an increased risk of infection for HBV, HCV and / or HIV for 4 months

Who is permanently excluded from donating blood?

In principle, people are permanently excluded from the donation,

  • for which the blood donation would or could endanger the blood donor (e.g. seizure disorders, hemophilia, insulin-dependent diabetes, serious heart, circulatory, lung, kidney or other chronic diseases ...)
  • who have been diagnosed with hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV), HIV or HTLV-I / II infection - as well as their sexual partners - regardless of whether symptoms have occurred or not
  • who have or have suffered from infectious hepatitis (jaundice) of unknown cause
  • who have or have suffered from syphilis, leprosy, brucellosis, tularemia, rickettsiosis, babesiosis, trypanosomiasis, leishmaniasis, malaria or relapsing fever
  • the well-known permanent excretors of salmonella
  • who are or were suffering from autoimmune and / or tumor diseases
  • where the stomach has been removed
  • who are alcoholic, drug addicts or drug addicts or who are suspicious of it
  • who are constantly being treated with drugs, according to an individual decision by the doctor (depending on the underlying disease and the drug)
  • who have ever had anaphylactic reaction (severe shock) to any drug
  • who have ever been treated with pituitary hormones of human origin (e.g. growth hormone, female infertility hormone, hormone used to lower an abdominal testicle)
  • in whose family one or more blood relatives developed Creutzfeld-Jakob disease or who have an increased risk of the disease
  • who suffer from Creutzfeld-Jakob (CJD) or the new variant of Creutzfeld-Jakob disease (vCJD)
  • who have received dura mater (meninges) and cornea (cornea) transplants, xenografts (animal tissue transplants)
  • who have repeatedly suffered from venous thrombosis or arterial thrombosis, or who suffer from bleeding disorders
  • who stayed in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and / or Northern Ireland for a cumulative period of more than 6 months between 1980 and 1996 or who underwent an operation or blood transfusion there during the period mentioned